Peer Reviews

The U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has issued guidelines for the peer review of important scientific information before it is disseminated by the Federal Government. OMB published its "Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review" in the Federal Register on January 14, 2005, at 70 FR 2664-2677. The Bulletin provides specific requirements for peer reviews of highly influential scientific assessments and influential scientific information that are disseminated by Federal agencies, including posting the agenda and plans for such peer reviews on agency websites.

USDA has also issued Peer Review Implementation Guidelines standards that USDA agencies and offices will follow in developing and reviewing scientific research information and disseminating it to the public.

ERS Agenda for Peer Reviews of Highly Influential Scientific Assessments

At this time, ERS has no agenda of forthcoming highly influential scientific assessments to post on its website in accordance with OMB's Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review.

ERS Agenda for Peer Reviews of Influential Scientific Information

ERS's economists and social scientists conduct research to inform public and private decisionmaking on economic and policy issues involving food, farming, natural resources, and rural development. The agency's research program is aimed at the information needs of USDA, other public policy officials, and the research community. ERS information and analysis is also used by the media, trade associations, public interest groups, and the general public. ERS disseminates economic information and research results through an array of outlets.

ERS has two types of report series that could contain potentially influential scientific information: ERS research reports; and Special Outlook Reports. The peer review process varies for each series. All reports in each series are included in ERS's peer review agenda for potentially influential scientific information. 

  • ERS research reports – Division management submits ERS research reports, including Economic Briefs, Economic Information Bulletins, Technical Bulletins, and Economic Research Reports, to the ERS Peer Review Coordinating Council to develop the peer review plan and coordinate the peer review process.  Each report submitted to the Peer Review Coordinating Council is reviewed by a minimum of two external subject matter experts and one subject matter expert from ERS. In addition, subject matter experts from USDA agencies potentially affected by the research provide technical reviews. All reviews are double-blind (the reviewers do not know the identity of the report author(s) and the author(s) do not know the names of the reviewers). Review criteria are detailed in request letters sent to each reviewer.
  • Special Outlook Reports – Special Outlook Reports provide time-sensitive information related to the forces shaping commodity markets and trade.  These reports provide analysis of commodity market conditions, production, supply, and use, both domestically and internationally. Special Outlook Reports are reviewed by ERS staff, external commodity and market specialists, and subject matter experts on the World Agricultural Outlook Board.

Cleared manuscripts are posted on the ERS website. For a complete list, see the Publications catalog.

In accordance with OMB's Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review, ERS's Peer Review Agenda for potentially influential scientific information is reported below. The agenda is updated quarterly.

ERS Peer Review Agenda for Potentially Influential Scientific Information
Working Title Description
Economic Outcomes of Soil Health and Conservation Practices Economic Research Report (MS-791)
Trends And Patterns of Job Quality in The United States Economic Information Bulletin (MS-812)
A Primer on the Agricultural and Environmental Value of Water Economic Information Bulletin (MS-814)
International Baseline Report Series: The Economic Community of West African States Economic Information Bulletin (MS-815)
International Baseline Report Series: The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Economic Information Bulletin (MS-816)
Nonfamily Farm Operations and the Households Who Operate Them Economic Information Bulletin (MS-821)
Household Food Security in the United States in 2022 Economic Information Bulletin (MS-822)
Methodology of ERS’s Agricultural Trade Multipliers Technical Bulletin (MS-823)
The Economics of Cellular Agriculture and Emerging Fermentation Technologies Economic Research Report (MS-824)
Recent Developments in Ad-hoc Assistance Programs for Agricultural Producers Economic Information Bulletin (MS-826)
On-Farm Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in U.S. Agriculture Economic Information Bulletin (MS-830)
Beginning U.S. Farms and Ranches: Characteristics Associated with Business Survival Economic Information Bulletin (MS-831)
The Poverty Area Measures Data Product Technical Bulletin (MS-832)
Federal Assistance and Rural Hospital Closings: The Impact of USDA Community Facilities Program Economic Research Report (MS-833)
U.S. Children and Adults Are Eating and Drinking Less Fruit Over Time Economic Research Report (MS-834)
The National School Lunch Program: Background, Trends, and Issues, 2024 Edition Economic Information Bulletin (MS-835)
Cuba's Deteriorating Food Security and its Implications for US Agricultural Exports Economic Research Report (MS-836)
Structure, Costs, and Technology Used on United States Dairy Farms Economic Research Report (MS-837)
Organic Agriculture Information and Situation Report, 2024 Economic Information Bulletin (MS-838)
Animal Welfare and Treatment Label Claims in U.S. Table eggs: Trends in Retail Premiums and Policy Impacts, 2008-2018 Economic Research Report (MS-839)
United States Certified Organic Dairy Production – Two Decades of Growth Economic Research Report (MS-840)
The Impact of Climate Change on Global Rangeland Livestock Production Economic Research Report (MS-841)
Under Review as of December 31, 2023

See completed peer reviews


For information on ERS's agenda and plans for peer reviews of highly influential scientific assessments and influential scientific information, contact:

Kelly Maguire
Economic Research Service
355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
Phone: (202) 694-5448

USDA Resources

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