Economic Information Bulletin No. (EIB-149) 41 pp

February 2016

Economic Issues in the Coexistence of Organic, Genetically Engineered (GE), and Non-GE Crops

Two decades after genetically engineered seeds became available, GE varieties are common in U.S. corn, soybean, cotton, canola, and sugarbeet production. Markets for food containing non-GE ingredients also exist. This report examines organic and conventional product markets, common coexistence practices, and the economic impacts when GE material is detected in non-GE products.

Keywords: Coexistence, organic crops, USDA organic standards, genetically engineered crops, identity preservation, non-GE, non-GMO, adoption, prices, economic impacts, corn, soybeans

In this publication...