Statistical Bulletin No. (SB-978) 30 pp

June 2004

The Changing Landscape of U.S. Milk Production

The U.S. dairy industry underwent dramatic restructuring during the last 50 or so years. Key structural features of the dairy industry are the quantity of milk produced and the location, number, size, and organization of dairy farms. The questions of where, how much, and by whom milk is produced are important from both a national and a regional perspective. The structure of milk production defines the potential direction of the industry. Dairy farms continue to grow, become more concentrated in certain regions, and become more specialized in producing milk. However, small traditional dairy operations remain scattered around the country.

Keywords: Dairy, farm numbers, farm organization, milk production, structural change

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