Economic Research Report No. (ERR-199) 37 pp

November 2015

Estimating the Effects of Selected Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures and Technical Barriers to Trade on U.S.-EU Agricultural Trade

This study investigates the effects of non-tariff measures (NTM)-specifically, sanitary and phytosanitary measures and technical barriers to trade-on agricultural trade between the United States and the European Union (EU). Along with tariff reduction, the removal of NTMs has emerged as a key focus of negotiations in the U.S.-EU Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership.

Keywords: Non-tariff measures, NTMs, gravity model, agricultural trade, trade agreement, Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, T-TIP, United States, European Union, EU, sanitary and phytosanitary measures, SPS, technical barriers to trade, TBT

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