U.S. Food Imports

The U.S. Food Imports data product is an annually published statistical summary of the value and volume of food imports coming into the United States.

U.S. consumers demand variety, quality, and convenience in the foods they consume. As U.S. consumers have become wealthier and more ethnically diverse, their food basket reflects a growing share of tropical products, spices, and imported gourmet products. Seasonal and climatic factors drive U.S. food imports of popular types of fruits, vegetables—and tropical products, such as cocoa and coffee. In addition, a growing share of U.S. imports can be attributed to intra-industry trade, whereby agricultural-processing industries based in the United States carry out certain processing steps offshore and import products at different levels of processing from their subsidiaries in foreign markets.

This data set provides import values of edible products (food and beverages) entering U.S. ports and the products’ origin of shipment. Data are from the U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Bureau of the Census. Food and beverage import values are compiled by calendar year into food groups, corresponding to major commodities or level of processing. The Harmonized System (HS) codes and the corresponding commodities and food products are detailed in the data product file. At least 20 years of annual data are included, enabling users to track long-term growth patterns.

Data Set Last Updated Next Update
All tables in one file
Summary data on annual food imports, values and volume by food category and source country 4/10/2024