Farm Household Income and Characteristics

This data product presents the latest household income forecast and estimates for principal operators of U.S. family farms. On December 1, 2022, estimates for 2021 were added (some previous estimates were revised) and forecasts for 2022 were updated. For a discussion of the current conditions and trends in farm household income, see the Farm Household Well-being topic, which includes a glossary of terms used in the tables.

Tables also cover data pertaining to beginning, socially disadvantaged, and limited-resource farmers. For a discussion of the current conditions and trends concerning these groups, see the Beginning & Disadvantaged Farmers topic.

Tables also include data on health insurance coverage and expenditures of farm operator households. For a discussion of this topic, see the chapter on Health Insurance Coverage in the Farm Household Well-being topic.

Note: Estimates are subject to revision one year after their preliminary release. Revisions are made only when credible additional information becomes available that changes the summary of survey results.

Data Set Last Updated Next Update
Farm Household Income Forecast
Principal farm operator household finances, 2018–22F 12/1/2022 2/7/2023
Farm Household Financial Indicators
Principal farm operator household finances by farm type, 2021 12/1/2022 11/30/2023
Finances and characteristics of principal farm operator households by major occupation, 2021 12/1/2022 11/30/2023
Mean and median farm operator household income and ratio of farm household to U.S. household income, 1960–2021 12/1/2022 11/30/2023
All farms and family farms by farm size class (gross sales), 1996–2021 12/1/2022 11/30/2023
Farm Household Characteristics
Characteristics of principal farm operator households, by experience of operators, 2016 11/7/2019
Characteristics of principal farm operator households, by age of principal operator, 2016 11/7/2019
Characteristics of principal farm operator households, by gender of principal operator, 2016 11/7/2019
Characteristics of principal farm operator households, by type of management team, 2016 11/7/2019
Characteristics of principal farm operator households, by limited-resource farm status, 2016 11/7/2019
Health Insurance Coverage
Health insurance coverage and expenditure information of farm operator households, by off-farm work of operator and spouse, 2011 and 2015 12/21/2016
Health insurance coverage and expenditure information of farm operator households, by commodity specialization, 2011 and 2015 12/21/2016