Fengxia Dong

Research Agricultural Economist


Fengxia Dong is a Research Agricultural Economist in the Agricultural Policy and Models Branch of the Market and Trade Economics Division at USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS).


Fengxia joined ERS in July 2021. Prior to joining ERS, Fengxia was a Senior Scientist at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW-Madison), where she conducted research on issues relating to agricultural sustainability, farm management, and production economics. In addition, she taught undergraduate courses while at UW-Madison. She had also worked as International Dairy Analyst at the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) and as a Research Scientist at the Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University (ISU). While working at ISU, she was responsible for developing the international dairy baseline and conducted research on various topics, such as trade policy, land use change, biofuel markets, and dairy markets. Her recent research has focused on how climate change and farm policies affect farmers’ adoption of sustainable practices and the impacts of adopting sustainable practices on farms’ production, profit, and risks.


Fengxia received her Ph.D. in Agricultural Economics from Kansas State University, her M.S in Data Science from University of Wisconsin-Madison, her M.S. in Information Economics, and her B.E. in Information Engineering from Jilin University, China.

Selected Publications

Dong, F., P. Mitchell, V. Davis, and R. Recker. 2017. “Impact of Atrazine Prohibition on the Sustainability of Weed Management in Wisconsin Maize Production,” Pest Management Science 73: 425–434.

Dong, F., D. Hennessy, H. Jensen, and R. Volpe. 2016. “Technical Efficiency, Herd Size and Exit Intentions in U.S. Dairy Farms,” Agricultural Economics 47: 1–13.

Dong, F., P. Mitchell, T. Hurley, and G. Frisvold. 2016. "Quantifying Adoption Intensity for Weed Resistance Management Practices and Its Determinants among U.S. Soybean, Corn, and Cotton Farmers," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 41(1): 42–61.

Volpe, R., T. Park, F. Dong, and H. Jensen. 2016. “Somatic Cell Counts in Dairy Marketing: Quantile Regression for Count Data,” European Review of Agricultural Economics 43(2): 331–358.

Du, X., and F. Dong. 2016. “Responses to Market Information and the Impact on Price Volatility and Trading Volume: The Case of Class III Milk Futures,” Empirical Economics 50(2): 661–678.

Dong, F., P. Mitchell, and J. Colquhoun. 2015. “Measuring Farm Sustainability Using Data Envelopment Analysis with Principal Components: The Case of Wisconsin Cranberry,” Journal of Environmental Management 147(1): 175–183.

Dong, F., D. Hennessy, and H. Jensen. 2012. “Factors Determining Milk Quality, and Implications for Production Structure Under SCC Standard Modification,” Journal of Dairy Science 95(11): 6421–6435.

Dumortier, J., D. Hayes, M. Carriquiry, F. Dong, X. Du, A. Elobeid, J. Fabiosa, and S. Tokgoz. 2011. “Sensitivity of Carbon Emission Estimates from Indirect Land-Use Change,” Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy 33(3): 428–448.

Du, X., F. Dong, D. Hayes, and T. Brown. 2011. “Assessment of Environmental Impacts Embodied in U.S.-China and U.S.-India Trade and Related Climate Change Policies,” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 93(2): 537–544.

Dong, F., D. Hennessy, and H. Jensen. 2010. “Contract and Exit Decisions in Finisher Hog Production,” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 92(3): 667–684.

Searchinger, T., R. Heimlich, R. Houghton, F. Dong, A. Elobeid, J. Fabiosa, S. Tokgoz, D. Hayes, and T. Yu. 2008. “Use of U.S. Croplands for Biofuels Increases Greenhouse Gases Through Emissions from Land-Use Change,” Science 319: 1238–1240.

Dong, F., and H. Jensen. 2007. “The Challenge of Conforming to Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures for China’s Agricultural Exports,” Choices 22(1): 19–24.

Dong, F. 2006. “The Outlook for Asian Dairy Markets: The Role of Demographics, Income, and Prices,” Food Policy 31(3): 260–271.

Dong, F., T. Marsh, and K. Stiegert. 2006. “State Trading Enterprises in a Differentiated Product Environment: The Case of Global Malting Barley Markets,” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 88(1): 90–103.