The Economic Research Service (ERS) provides quantitative and qualitative research and analysis on food security issues in developing countries. The research focuses on food security measurement and the key factors affecting food production and household access.

The annual ERS International Food Security Assessment is the only USDA report to provide a 10-year projection of food security indicators for 76 low- and middle-income countries. This report presents results from ERS’s International Food Security Assessment (IFSA) analysis. IFSA is a demand-driven framework, which utilizes information on domestic prices and consumer responsiveness to changes in prices and incomes for 76 low- and middle-income countries.

COVID-19 Working Paper: International Food Security Assessment, 2020-2030: COVID-19 Update and Impacts of Food Insecurity

In 2020, it was estimated that 921 million people may have been food-insecure, an increase of 160 million from the pre-pandemic estimate, and almost double the pre-COVID-19 estimate published in the ERS August 2020 International Food Security Assessment, 2020-2030.