Economic Information Bulletin No. (EIB-256) 57 pp

June 2023

Concentration and Competition in U.S. Agribusiness

This report details issues surrounding market concentration in agribusiness, particularly in three agribusiness sectors where concentration has increased over time: seeds, meatpacking, and food retail. Market concentration and its impact on competition have attracted growing public scrutiny. Critics argue that many industries have grown too concentrated, with fewer firms competing with one another and a consequent weakening of competition. The report covers the consolidation in each of these industries, explains the driving forces behind increased concentration, and examines public policies aimed at encouraging competition, focusing on the implementation of merger policy.

How to Cite:

MacDonald, J. M., Dong, X., & Fuglie, K. (2023). Concentration and competition in U.S. agribusiness (Report No. EIB-256). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

Keywords: agribusiness, market concentration, competition, meatpacking, food retailing, agrochemicals, crop seed, intellectual property rights, research and development

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