Normalized Prices

The Economic Research Service (ERS) annually calculates "normalized prices," which smooth out the effects of shortrun seasonal or cyclical variation, for key agricultural inputs and outputs. These normalized prices are used by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the Tennessee Valley Authority, USDA's Natural Resources Conservation Service, and other Federal agencies to evaluate the benefits of resource-related projects affecting agriculture.

Since 1993, ERS has calculated normalized prices using a consistent methodology. National-level prices (in table 1) are based on 5-year lagged averages of actual market-year prices (e.g., an average of 2016–20 market prices is used to calculate normalized prices for 2021 for the 2022 ERS report year). National prices indices (in table 2) are as reported by USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. State-level normalized prices for the report year 2022 (in table 3) are calculated by multiplying the national-level normalized prices by the average ratios of the State-level market prices to the national market prices for 2018–20.

See Documentation for details.

Data Set Last Updated Next Update
Table 1—National-level normalized price estimates for commodities for 2017–22 ERS report years 9/30/2022 9/29/2023
Table 2—National-level normalized indices of market-clearing prices received and paid by farmers, 2019–21 (2011=100) 9/30/2022 9/29/2023
Table 3―State-level normalized price received estimates for commodities for 2022 ERS report year 9/30/2022 9/29/2023