Saleem Shaik

Branch Chief, Agricultural Policy and Models Branch


Saleem Shaik is branch chief for the Agricultural Policy and Models Branch in the Market and Trade Economics Division at the Economic Research Service (ERS).


Saleem joined ERS in 2021. His research focuses on the effects of farm and trade policies on farm income, efficiency and productivity. Prior to ERS, Saleem was at North Dakota State University (NDSU), where he served as a professor of agribusiness and applied economics and the director of the Center for Agricultural Policy and Trade Studies. His primary focus was the development of a baseline farm model to evaluate policy and trade for North Dakota. He taught Applied Risk Analysis, Farm Management and Production Economics, and Analytical Methods for Applied Research at the undergraduate and graduate level. He supervised 8 M.S./Ph.D. students and served as a committee member for 46 M.S./Ph.D. students. Prior to NDSU, Saleem was involved in crop insurance and aquaculture projects at Montana State University and Mississippi State University.


Ph.D. in Agricultural Economics from the University of Nebraska, Lincoln.

M.S. in Agricultural Economics and B.S. in Agriculture from Andhra Pradesh Agriculture University, India.

Selected Publications

Farm Policy:

Shaik, S. 2013. “Crop Insurance Adjusted Panel Data Envelopment Analysis Efficiency Measures,“ American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 95(5):1155–1177.

Shaik, S. 2013. “Did Crop Insurance Programmes Change the Systematic Yield Risk?” Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 68(1):89–103.

Shaik, S., J. Atwood, and G.A. Helmers. 2012. “Did 1933 New Deal Legislation Contribute to Farm Real Estate Values: A Regional Analysis,” Journal of Policy Modeling, 34(6):801–816.

Shaik, S., J. Atwood, and G.A. Helmers. 2005. “The Evolution of Farm Programs and their Contribution to Agricultural Land Values,” American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 87(5):1190–1197 .

Shaik, S., K. Coble, T.O. Knight, A.E. Baquet, and G.F. Patrick. 2008. “Crop Revenue and Yield Insurance Demand: A Subjective Probability Approach,” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, 40(3):757–766.

Atwood, J., J. Robinson-Cox and S. Shaik. 2006. “A Direct Test of Yield Switching Fraud in the Federal Crop Insurance Program,” American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 88(2):365–381.

Atwood, J., S. Shaik and M. Watts. 2003. “Are Crop Yields Normally Distributed? A Reexamination,” American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 85(4):888–901.

Shaik, S., B.J. Barnett, K.H. Coble, J.C. Miller, and T. Hanson. 2006. Insurability Conditions and Livestock Disease Insurance in “Livestock Insurance Products International Conference and Forum: Discovery of Ideas and Issues,” Koontz S.R. and D.L. Hoag, eds., pages 53–67. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK.

Coble, K.H., T.R. Hanson, S.H. Sempier, S. Shaik, and J.C. Miller. 2006. Investigating the Feasibility of Livestock Disease Insurance: A Case Study in Aquaculture, in “Livestock Insurance Products International Conference and Forum: Discovery of Ideas and Issues,” Koontz S.R. and D.L. Hoag, eds., pages 252–271. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK.

Shaik, S. 2019. Role of Crop Insurance and Farm Programs in Contributing to Agriculture Land Values by Major Farm Bills. “Public Policy in Agriculture: Its Impact on Labor, Income and Food Security,” Edited By: Ashok K. Mishra, Davide Viaggi, Sergio Gomez y Paloma.

Efficiency and Productivity:

Shaik, S., and J. Atwood. 2020. “A Comparative Study of Alternative Approaches to Estimate Productivity,” Journal of Quantitative Economics, 18(4):747–766.

Atwood, J., and S. Shaik. 2020. “Theory and Statistical Properties of Quantile Data Envelopment Analysis,” European Journal of Operational Research, 286(2):649–661.

Sakouvogui, K. and S. Shaik, S. 2020. "Impact of financial liquidity and solvency on cost efficiency: evidence from U.S. banking system", Studies in Economics and Finance, 37 (2):391–410.

Sakouvogui, K., S Shaik, K.A. Addey. 2020. "Cluster-adjusted DEA efficiency in the presence of heterogeneity: an application to banking sector", Open Economics 3(1), 50–69

Shaik, S. 2015. “Impact of Liquidity Risk on Variations in Efficiency and Productivity: A Panel Gamma Simulated Maximum Likelihood Estimation,” European Journal of Operational Research, 245(2),463–469.

Shaik, S., and S. Bhattacharjee. 2016. “Hierarchical Crop Yield Linear Model,” Letters in Spatial and Resource Sciences, 9(2):219–231.

Shaik, S. 2014. “Re-examination of Production, Cost, and Restricted Profit Functions using Quantile Regression Approach,” Agricultural Economics, 45(2),199–212.

Shaik, S., G.A. Helmers, and M. Langemeier. 2002. “Direct and Indirect Shadow Price Estimates of Nitrate Pollution Treated as an Undesirable Output and Input,” Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 27(2):420–432.

Shaik, S. 2020. Efficiency of Source Differentiated Sectoral Energy Demand Accounting for Climate, Chapter 20, 467–488, published in “Handbook of Energy Finance: Theories, Practices and Simulations,” Edited By Stéphane: Goutte and Duc Khuong Nguyen.


Shaik, S., and Osei-Agyeman Y. 2018. “Does Climate Influence Energy Demand? A Regional Analysis,“ Applied Energy, 212(15):691–703.

Mishra, A.K., H.S. El-Osta, and S. Shaik. 2010. “Succession Decisions in Family Farm Businesses,” Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 35(1):133–152.

O. Yeboah, S Shaik. 2021. "The Influence of Climate Change on the Demand for Ethanol," Renewable Energy, 164:1559–1565.