Keith Fuglie

Keith Fuglie



Keith Fuglie is an economist with the Structure, Technology, and Productivity Branch in the Resource and Rural Economics Division. His work focuses on the economics of agricultural technical change, science policy, and productivity growth.


Keith first joined ERS in 1992. During 1997–98, he served as senior economist for agriculture and natural resources on the White House Council of Economic Advisers, and in 2020–21 he was on detail with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Bureau of Food Security. Keith also interrupted his career at ERS to spend nearly 10 years with the International Potato Center (CIP), where he was based in Asia and Africa and conducted studies on agricultural development.


Certificate of Public Leadership, Brookings Institution, 2014
Ph.D. and M.S. in Applied Economics, University of Minnesota
B.A., Concordia College, Moorhead, Minnesota

Professional Affiliations

Member of the Agricultural & Applied Economics Association and the International Association of Agricultural Economics.

Selected Publications

Fuglie, K. 2021. "Climate change upsets agriculture," Nature Climate Change 11:293–299.

Fuglie, K., B. Dhehibi, A. A. Ibrahim El Shahat and A. Aw-Hassan. 2021. "Water, policy and productivity in Egyptian agriculture," American Journal of Agricultural Economics 103(4): 1378–1397.

Hertel, T. W., U. L. C. Baldos, and K. Fuglie. 2020. "Trade in technology: A potential solution to the food security challenge of the 21st Century," European Economic Review 127 (August) 103479.

Baldos, U. L. C., K. Fuglie and T. W. Hertel. 2020. "The research cost of adapting agriculture to climate change: A global analysis to 2050," Agricultural Economics 51 (2): 207–220.

Fuglie, K., M. Gautam, A. Goyal, and W. Maloney. 2019. Harvesting Prosperity: Technology and Productivity Growth in Agriculture. Washington, DC: World Bank.

Rada, N., and K. Fuglie. 2019. "New perspectives on farm size and productivity," Food Policy 84: 147–152.

Heisey, P., and K. Fuglie. 2018. Agricultural Research Investment and Policy Reform in High Income Countries. Economic Research Report 249, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Washington, DC, May.

Fuglie, K. 2018. "Is agricultural productivity slowing?" Global Food Security 17: 73–83.

Fuglie, K. 2018. "R&D capital, R&D spillovers, and productivity growth in world agriculture," Applied Economic Perspectives & Policy 40 (3): 421–444.

Fuglie, K. 2016. "The growing role of the private sector in agricultural research and development world-wide," Global Food Security 10: 29–38.

Fuglie, K., and A. Toole. 2014. “The evolving institutional structure of public and private agricultural research,” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 96 (3): 862–883.

Fuglie, K. 2015. "Accounting for growth in global agriculture," Bio-based and Applied Economics 4 (3): 221–254.

Fuglie, K., P. Heisey, J., C. Pray and D. Schimmelpfennig. 2012. "The contribution of private industry to agricultural innovation," Science 338 (23 November): 1031–32.

Fuglie, S. Wang, and V. Ball, eds. 2012. Productivity Growth in Agriculture: An International Perspective, Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Fuglie, K., P. Heisey, J. King, C. Pray, K. Day-Rubenstein, D. Schimmelpfennig, S. L. Wang and R. Karmarkar-Deshmukh. 2011. Research Investments and Market Structure in the Food Processing, Agriculture Input and Biofuel Industries Worldwide, Economic Research Report 130, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Washington, DC.