Chang Hong

Research Economist


Chang Hong is a research economist with the International Demand and Trade Branch, Market and Trade Economics Division at ERS. She specializes in trade issues and development, with a focus on China.


Chang Hong specializes in international trade and finance issues. She has studied the impact of trade liberalization on industry specialization, industry protection, employment, and product variety and quality. Her current research includes firm level trade productivity and markups, as well as trade and exchange rate issues. Before joining ERS, she was an Assistant Professor of Economics in Clark University from 2008 to 2016. Prior to that she worked at the IMF Research Department in Washington DC.


Chang received a Ph.D. in Economics from University of California, Davis, and an M.B.A. from University of Hawaii at Manoa.

Professional Affiliations


Selected Publications

“Export Spillovers and Location Choice,” with Haoyu Wu, Journal of Japanese and International Economics, forthcoming.

“Unit Values in International Trade and Product Quality,” Journal of Economics and Financial Studies 03(03):66-79, 2015.
“Contractual Versus Non-Contractual Trade: The Role of Institutions in China,” with Robert Feenstra, Hong Ma, and Barbara Spencer, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 94:281-94, 2013.
“The Political Economy of Tariff Protection in China: Evidence from WTO Accession,” Canadian Journal of Economics 46(4):1295-1316, 2013.
“Trade Liberalization, Wages, and Specialization in China,” Journal of Japanese and International Economics 26(4):561-77, 2012.

“China’s Exports and Employment,” with Robert C. Feenstra, in China’s Growing Role in World Trade, edited by Robert C. Feenstra and Shang-Jin Wei, pp. 167-99. NBER/University of Chicago Press, March 2010. Also NBER Working Paper No. 13552.
"Indonesia's Economic Performance in Comparative Perspective, and a New Policy Frameworkd for 2049," with Wing Thye Woo, Bulletin of Indonesian Economics Studies, 46(1), 2010, 33-64. 
“Global Production Networks and China's Processing Trade,” with Alyson Ma, Ari Van Assche, Journal of Asian Economics, 20(6), November 2009, 640-654.
“Compétitivité internationale de la Chine: Une réalité à réévaluer,” joint with Ari Van Assche, Veerle Slootmaekers, Le Québec à l’heure de la mondialisation, edited by Benoit Aubert, CIRANO, Montréal, October 2008, 37-54. An English version was published as “China’s International Competitiveness: Reassessing the Evidence,” LICOS Discussion Paper 205/2008, April 2008.
“China’s Foreign Exchange Market,” Chapter 5 in Financial Investment in China, edited by Qiwei Chen, October 1997, Shanghai People’s Press (China).
“Gradual Liberalization of Interest Rates in China,” Shanghai Finance, February 1997.