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Pumpkins: Background & Statistics


Pumpkin production is widely dispersed, with crop conditions varying greatly by region. In 2013, U.S. farmers produced 1.13 billion pounds of pumpkins. Illinois remains the leading producer of pumpkins, with a majority of supplies processed into pie filling and other uses. Supplies from the remaining top five States are targeted toward the seasonal fresh market for ornamental uses and for home processing.

Demand for specialty pumpkins continues to expand as consumers look for new and interesting variations. Retail prices in 2014, on average, were down compared with last year’s average (September-November). Specialty varieties with wholesale prices reported in 2014 include Big Mack pumpkins (a giant variety), Fairytale (deep ribs, mahogany color), Knucklehead (medium size, upright, with lumps of various size and color on the skin), and heirloom varieties.

Production

U.S. pumpkin planted area, total in top six States: 1/

  • 2011: 50,900 acres (17,400 in Illinois, 7,200 in Michigan)
  • 2012: 53,800 acres (20,400 in Illinois, 6,800 in Michigan)
  • 2013: 53,200 acres (20,400 in Illinois, 6,600 in Michigan)Pumpkin 2

U.S. farm value of pumpkin production, total in top six States: 1/

  • 2011: $113 million ($24 mil. in New York, $22 mil. in Illinois)
  • 2012: $149 million ($33 mil. in New York, $33 mil. in Illinois)
  • 2013: $150 million ($47 mil. in Illinois, $30 mil. in California)

U.S. pumpkin production, total in top six States: 1/

  • 2011: 1.07 billion pounds (0.52 bil. in Illinois, 0.17 bil. in California)
  • 2012: 1.24 billion pounds (0.56 bil. in Illinois, 0.19 bil. in California)
  • 2013: 1.13 billion pounds (0.55 bil. in Illinois, 0.19 bil. in California)

U.S. pumpkin production, top six States, 2013: 1/

  • Illinois: 547.6 million pounds
  • California: 194.7 million pounds
  • Ohio: 100.4 million pounds
  • Michigan: 97.8 million pounds
  • New York: 96.0 million pounds
  • Pennsylvania: 94.2 million pounds

 U.S. pumpkin yield per acre, top six States, 2013: 1/Pumpkin 1

  • Illinois: 27,000 pounds
  • California: 33,000 pounds
  • Ohio: 16,500 pounds
  • New York: 16,000 pounds
  • Michigan: 15,500 pounds
  • Pennsylvania: 14,500 pounds

Share of U.S. pumpkin area harvested for the fresh market,
  in top six States, 2012: 2/

  • Illinois: 23 percent
  • California: 99 percent
  • Ohio: 97 percent
  • Michigan: 88 percent
  • New York: 96 percent
  • Pennsylvania: 97 percent

Prices

U.S. farm price for pumpkins: 1/

  • 2011 average: 10.60 cents per pound
  • 2012 average: 12.00 cents per pound
  • 2013 average: 13.30 cents per pound  

U.S. wholesale price for pumpkins, week ending November 1, 2014 average: 3/ 4/

  • Howden-type (Jack-O-Lantern pumpkins): $137.30/36” bin
  • Pie-type: $208.61/36” bin
  • Miniature, flat: $17.50/1/2 bushel carton
  • Miniature, round: $14.88/1/2 bushel carton
  • Fairytale: $210.00/24” bin

U.S. advertised retail price for pumpkins: 4/

  • 2013 average: $5.07 each
  • Sept. 26, 2014: $3.94 each
  • Oct. 3, 2014: $3.94 each
  • Oct. 10, 2014: $3.62 each
  • Oct. 17, 2014: $4.02 each
  • Oct. 24, 2014: $3.91 each (23 percent below 2013 average)
  • Oct. 31, 2014: $3.63 each (28 percent below 2013 average)


Sources:  1/ USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Vegetables. Data provided only for top six States. According to the 2012 U.S. Census of Agriculture, these States accounted for approximately 50 percent of U.S. total pumpkin area. 2/ USDA, NASS, 2012 U.S. Census of Agriculture. 3/ Simple average of all quoted markets (excluding organic) for the listed type and container. 4/ USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service, Fruit and Vegetable Market News.  
 


Want More Data and Information?

For data on pumpkins, see Vegetables and Pulses Yearbook Tables (tables 58-61, 73)
Commodity Highlight: Pumpkins (pages 22-25)
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Vegetables
USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service, Market News Portal – Fruit and Vegetables

Last updated: Monday, November 24, 2014

For more information contact: Hodan Farah Wells