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Pumpkins: Background & Statistics


Pumpkin production is widely dispersed, with crop conditions varying greatly by region. In 2014, U.S. farmers produced 1.3 billion pounds of pumpkins in the top six states—17 percent above 2013. Illinois remains the leading producer of pumpkins, with a majority of supplies processed into pie filling and other uses. Supplies from the remaining top five States are targeted toward the seasonal fresh market for ornamental uses and for home processing.

Retail prices for all pumpkin varieties in 2015, on average, were up for September-October compared with last year’s average for the season (September-November). Demand for specialty pumpkins continues to expand as consumers look for new and interesting variations. Specialty varieties with wholesale prices reported in 2015 include Big Mack pumpkins (a giant variety), Cinderella, Knucklehead (medium size, upright, with lumps of various size and color on the skin), and heirloom varieties.

Production

U.S. pumpkin planted area, total in top six States: 1/

  • 2012: 52,000 acres (20,400 in Illinois, 6,800 in Michigan)
  • 2013: 52,600 acres (20,400 in Illinois, 6,600 in Michigan)
  • 2014: 51,300 acres (20,100 in Illinois, 6,400 in Michigan)

U.S. farm value of pumpkin production, total in top six States: 1/Pumpkin 1

  • 2012: $146 million ($36 mil. in New York, $33 mil. in Illinois)
  • 2013: $149 million ($47 mil. in Illinois, $30 mil. in California)
  • 2014: $145 million ($47 mil. in Illinois, $31 mil. in California

U.S. pumpkin production, total in top six States: 1/

  • 2012: 1.20 billion pounds (0.56 bil. in Illinois, 0.19 bil. in California)
  • 2013: 1.12 billion pounds (0.55 bil. in Illinois, 0.19 bil. in California)
  • 2014: 1.31 billion pounds (0.75 bil. in Illinois, 0.19 bil. in California)

U.S. pumpkin production, top six States, 2014: 1/

  • Illinois: 745.8 million pounds
  • California: 192.2 million pounds
  • Ohio: 105.3 million pounds
  • Pennsylvania: 105 million pounds
  • Michigan: 97 million pounds
  • New York: 69 million pounds

U.S. pumpkin yield per acre, top six States, 2014: 1/

  • Illinois: 37,500 pounds
  • California: 31,000 pounds
  • Pennsylvania: 18,000 pounds
  • Ohio: 16,500 pounds
  • Michigan: 16,000 pounds
  • New York: 13,500 pounds
Share of U.S. pumpkin area harvested for fresh and processing markets, in top six States, 2012 2/
Top six States Fresh (percent) Processing (percent)
Illinois 23 77
Michigan 88 12
New York 96 4
Ohio 97 3
Pennsylvania 97 3
California 99 1

 U.S. per capita use of pumpkins: 3/

  • 2012: 5.03 pounds
  • 2013: 4.67 pounds
  • 2014: 5.39 pounds

Prices

U.S. farm price for pumpkins: 1/

  • 2012 average: 12.10 cents per poundPumpkin 2
  • 2013 average: 13.20 cents per pound  
  • 2014 average: 11.00 cents per pound  

U.S. wholesale price for pumpkins, week ending October 17, 2015 average: 3/ 4/

  • Howden-type (Jack-O-Lantern pumpkins): $156.75/36” bin (size = extra-large)
  • Pie-type: $17.60/1/2 bushel carton
  • Miniature, flat: $17.40/1/2 bushel carton/crates
  • Miniature, round: $18.25/1/2 bushel carton/crates
  • Cinderella: $196.00/24” bin

U.S. advertised retail price for pumpkins: 4/

  • 2014 average: $4.02 each
  • Sept. 11, 2015: $5.91 each (47 percent above 2014 average)
  • Sept. 18, 2015: $4.79 each (19 percent above 2014 average)
  • Sept. 25, 2015: $4.78 each (19 percent above 2014 average)
  • Oct. 02, 2015: $3.90 each (3 percent below 2014 average)
  • Oct. 09, 2015: $3.95 each (2 percent below 2014 average)
  • Oct. 16, 2015: $4.32 each (7 percent above 2014 average)

 

Sources:  1/ USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Vegetables. Data provided only for top six States. According to the 2012 U.S. Census of Agriculture, these States accounted for approximately 50 percent of U.S. total pumpkin area. 2/ USDA, NASS, 2012 U.S. Census of Agriculture. 3/ Simple average of all quoted markets (excluding organic) for the listed type and container. 4/ USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service, Fruit and Vegetable Market News. 
 


Want More Data and Information?

For data on pumpkins, see Vegetables and Pulses Yearbook Tables (table 35)
Commodity Highlight: Pumpkins (pages 22-25)
USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Vegetables
USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service, Market News Portal – Fruit and Vegetables

Last updated: Thursday, October 22, 2015

For more information contact: Hodan Farah Wells and Gustavo Ferreira