Errata: On August 25, 2015, the chart Certification status of average daily school breakfast participants, fiscal 1969-2014 was corrected for the year 2009—the corrected number for Total is 11.07, not 11.70.
USDA's child nutrition programs provide a nutritional safety net for children and account for a quarter of USDA's domestic food and nutrition assistance outlays. ERS conducts research and evaluation studies of child nutrition programs and applies behavioral economic theory to study efforts to promote child nutrition. Information about program eligibility requirements, benefits, and the application process is available from the Food and Nutrition Service. ERS research focuses on five major domestic food assistance programs administered by USDA that exclusively or primarily serve the nutritional needs of children: