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Image: International Markets & Trade


Doha Development Agenda

Agreement on Agriculture

Beyond the Agreement on Agriculture

USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS). Official site for data on current U.S. trade; data on supply and demand (including imports and exports) for major trading partners; current world market and trade reports (and attache reports); and information on the agricultural trade and agricultural policies of foreign countries.

USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service-International Marketing Services. Information and services for buyers and sellers of agricultural products in the global marketplace.

USDA Information on Free Trade Agreements. Information on the free trade agreements the United States has completed or is in the process of negotiating with several countries and regions.

United States Trade Representative (USTR). USTR is responsible for developing and implementing trade policies which promote world growth, support efforts to protect the environment and advance core labor standards.

International Organizations

World Trade Organization. The WTO is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. Official site includes information about the organization and its membership, and access to official WTO documents.

WTO Current Negotiations. A page on the WTO website that provides regularly updated government proposals, discussion, background, and other information on the WTO negotiations on agriculture.

International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium (IATRC). Commissioned research papers, working papers, and conference proceedings related to research, policy analysis, and current developments in international agricultural trade.

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)-Food, Agriculture, and Fisheries. The work of the OECD on agriculture includes agricultural policies, trade liberalization, and agriculture and the environment.


Iowa State University, Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI)-WTO Associated Papers. Publications analyzing WTO member's trade liberalization proposals, including the U.S. proposal.

Canadian Agricultural Trade Policy Research Network. Research papers on various topics including trade negotiations.

Doha Development Agenda

General Issues

Tariffs and Market Access

Domestic Support

Export Subsidies

Agreement on Agriculture

General Issues

Tariffs and Market Access

Domestic Support

Export Subsidies

Commodity Issues

Country Issues

Beyond the Agreement on Agriculture

Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures

Technical Barriers to Trade

Anti-Dumping/Subsidies and Countervailing Measures


General Agreement on Trade in Services

Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

Dispute Settlement

WTO Accession

Developing Countries in the WTO


Agricultural Market Access Database

The Agricultural Market Access Database (AMAD) is a collection of data and information for WTO members. It primarily consists of tariff schedules, tariff bindings, country notifications, import quantities, applied tariff rates, and other data useful in tariff analysis. Based in Microsoft Access and Excel, AMAD is a publicly available information tool for the analysis of WTO market access issues in agriculture. The database currently contains data for 50 countries, including documentation and examples. AMAD results from a cooperative effort by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada; EU Commission, Agriculture Directorate-General; Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO); Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD); the World Bank; United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD); and USDA Economic Research Service.

Data Included

  • Base and bound Most Favored Nation (MFN) tariffs, including in-quota and over-quota rates
  • Base and bound tariff quota volumes
  • Implementation period for tariff and tariff-rate quota (TRQ) commitments
  • Notified imports under TRQs
  • Indication of Special Safeguards (SSG) application
  • Import volume and value by harmonized system line
  • TRQ country allocations
  • Applied MFN tariffs
  • Supply/utilization data
  • World reference prices
  • World import unit values
  • Exchange rates
  • Primary product equivalent factors

Data Sources

  • Most comprehensive collection of public data on WTO market access
  • WTO tariff and TRQ schedules, with post Uruguay Round modifications and rectification
  • WTO notifications of TRQ implementation
  • UN COMTRADE (Commodity Trade Statistics Database), UNCTAD TRAINS (Trade Analysis and Information System), FAOSTAT, Eurostat
  • Various national trade data where available

Other Data

World Integrated Trade Solution (WITS) contains a framework for access and retrieval of information on trade and tariffs complied by various international organizations, including the U.N. COMTRADE database, UNCTAD TRAINS, and the WTO's Integrated Data Base (IDB) and Consolidated Tariff Schedule Data Base (CTS).

WTO Agricultural Trade Policy Commitments Database contains data on implementation of trade policy commitments by WTO member countries. Data on domestic support, export subsidies, and tariffs are organized for comparison across countries. This queriable database offers various options for viewing and downloading data. (Note: This data product has been archived and some of its features and functionality have been disabled)

Production, Supply, and Distribution (PS&D) contains official USDA data on production, supply, and distribution of agricultural commodities for the United States and major importing and exporting countries. The database provides projections for the coming year and historical data for more than 200 countries and major crop, livestock, fishery, and forest products.

Foreign Agricultural Trade of the United States (FATUS) provides U.S. agricultural exports and imports, volume and value, by country, by commodity, and by calendar year, fiscal year, and month, for varying periods, such as 1935 to the present or 1989 to the present. Updated monthly or annually.

Last updated: Monday, April 25, 2016

For more information contact: Shawn Arita and Tani S. Lee