The increasing integration of national economies through trade,
investment, and communication has impacts on the agriculture
sectors of the United States and other nations. In a global
marketplace, agricultural production, supply, and demand in one
country or region can affect global trade opportunities for others,
and trade policies can have positive or negative
ERS economists analyze the impacts of bilateral, multilateral,
and regional trade agreements on member countries. The work
of ERS includes in-depth analyses of the economies, agricultural
sectors, and policies of key trading partners: Brazil, Canada,
China, the European Union, India, Japan, Mexico, and South Korea.
ERS also assesses environmental, food safety, and food security
challenges confronting countries and regions in an increasingly
global agricultural market, as well as the economic opportunities
the market provides.