Definition of U.S. Textile and Apparel Industry
First used in 1939, the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification
(SIC) system aimed to classify establishments by type of economic
activity to facilitate data collection and analysis, and to promote
uniformity and comparability across the Federal Government. The
system was periodically revised, reflecting changes in the U.S.
economy and was last modified in 1987.
In the 1990s, the Office of Management and Budget established a
committee to respond to criticisms of the SIC and to explore new
ways to classify economic activity. As a result, the North American
Industrial Classification System (NAICS) was developed and released
in 1997 to replace SIC. NAICS uses a production-oriented or
supply-based framework instead of SIC's product-oriented
NAICS codes were implemented in different data series at
different times over 1999-2004. Here are the industries used in
this analysis, which covers 1994-2004 and, thus, both
Under NAICS, textile and apparel includes:
- Subsector 313: Textile Mills
- Fiber, Yarn, and Thread Mills;
- Fabric Mills; and
- Textile and Fabric Finishing and Fabric Coating Mills.
- Subsector 314: Textile Produce Mills
- Textile Furnishings Mills and Other Textile Product Mills.
- Subsector 315: Apparel Manufacturing
- Apparel Knitting Mills;
- Cut and Sew Apparel Manufacturing; and
- Apparel Accessories and Other Apparel Manufacturing.
For more information see the North American Industry Classification System
Under the 1987 SIC, textile and apparel
- Major Group 22: Textile Mill Products
- Broadwoven Fabric Mills, Cotton;
- Broadwoven Fabric Mills, Manmade Fiber and Silk;
- Broadwoven Fabric Mills, Wool (including Dyeing and
- Narrow Fabric and Other Smallwares Mills;
- Dyeing and Finishing Textiles, Except Wool Fabrics;
- Carpets and Rugs; and
- Miscellaneous Textile Goods.
- Major Group 23: Apparel and Other Finished Products
Made From Fabrics and Similar Materials
- Men's and Boys' Suits, Coats, and Overcoats;
- Men's and Boys' Furnishings, Work Clothing;
- Women's, Misses', and Juniors' Outerwear;
- Women's, Misses', Children's, and Infants' Underwear and
- Hats, Caps, and Millinery;
- Children's and Infants' Outerwear;
- Fur Goods; and
- Miscellaneous Apparel and Accessories.
For more information see the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) System