The United States is the world's second-largest exporter of
broiler meat behind Brazil. Between 2004 and 2008, exports ranged
from 4.8 to 7.0 billion pounds, which accounted for between 14 and
17 percent of total production.
Demand for U.S. broiler products has fluctuated over the last
several years because of changing economic conditions and currency
exchange rates in major importing countries. The largest importers
of U.S. broiler products are Russia, China (including Hong Kong),
and Mexico. Together, these markets accounted for over half of U.S.
broiler product exports, on a quantity basis.
The United States imports only small amounts of broiler
products, accounting for less than 1 percent of domestic
The United States is also the world's largest exporter of turkey
products. U.S. turkey exports total between 500 and 600 million
pounds. Less than 1 percent of turkey exports are as whole birds;
the majority of shipments are lower-valued turkey parts or ground
or mechanically deboned meat (MDM). Many importing countries mix
the ground or MDM turkey meat with other meats in sausage
Mexico is by far the largest importer of U.S. turkey meat,
accounting for over half of U.S. turkey exports. The United States
imports only a small amount of turkey products, with most imported
products coming from Canada.
There are three categories of U.S. egg exports, as follows:
- Table eggs for consumption
mostly go to Canada and Mexico.
- Shell eggs for hatching (for egg
laying-type birds or broiler-type birds), and shipments are
primarily to Canada and Hong Kong.
- Egg products (dried and nondried
albumin and dried and nondried yolk) form the third category.
These products are used mainly in restaurants and in the baking
and prepared-foods industries. Major destinations for U.S. exports
of dried albumin are Japan, Spain, and Israel, while Canada is the
largest importer of nondried albumin. Japan, Mexico, and Canada are
the top destinations for dried yolk, while Japan, Canada, and South
Korea are the top importers of nondried yolk.