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Image: Beef cattle

Statistics & Information

For the most current coverage of the livestock industry see the monthly newsletter Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry

Table 1. U.S. beef industry
YearAveraged annual U.S. retail Choice beef price*Retail equivalent value of U.S. beef industryTotal U.S. beef consump- tionValue of U.S. cattle and calf productionU.S. beef production (commercial carcass weight)U.S. beef exports (commercial carcass weight)U.S. beef exports (value)U.S. beef exports as percent of production
  $/lb $ billion Billion lb $ billion Billion lb Billion lb $ billion Percent
2002 3.32 60 27.9 27.1 27.09 2.447 2.629 9.0
2003 3.75 63 27.0 32.1 26.24 2.518 3.186 9.6
2004 4.07 70 27.8 34.8 24.55 0.460 0.631 1.9
2005 4.09 71 27.8 36.6 24.68 0.697 1.031 2.8
2006 3.97 71 28.1 35.6 26.15 1.145 1.617 4.4
2007 4.16 74 28.1 36.0 26.42 1.434 2.187 5.4
2008 4.33 76 27.3 35.6 26.56 1.996 3.014 7.5
2009 4.26 73 26.8 32.0 26.07 1.935 2.909 7.4
2010 4.40 74 26.4 37.0 26.41 2.300 3.839 8.7
2011 4.81 79 25.5 45.2 26.28 2.785 5.041 10.6
2012 4.99 85 25.8 48.2 26.00 2.453 5.114 9.4
2013 5.29 88 25.5 49.5 25.80 2.584 5.711 10.0
*Note: BSE was confirmed in the U.S. cattle herd in late December 2003.
Sources: Estimates are from or are compiled from data from World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Economic Research Service.
Table 2. Cattle commercial slaughter and inventories 
YearU.S. commercial slaughterCattle & calf inventories
TotalSteers & heifersCowsU.S.Canada
Million head
2002 35.735 29.4 5.8 96.1 13.5
2003 35.490 28.7 6.1 94.4 14.6
2004 32.727 27.0 5.2 94.0 14.9
2005 32.387 27.0 4.9 96.3 14.7
2006 33.698 27.8 5.4 96.6 14.2
2007 34.300 27.9 5.8 96.0 13.9
2008 34.400 27.5 6.3 94.5 13.8
2009 33.300 26.5 6.2 93.9 13.0
2010 34.200 27.1 6.5 92.7 12.7
2011 34.222 26.7 6.8 90.8 12.2
2012 33.072 25.8 6.6 89.3 12.2
2013 31.892 25.5 6.4 89.3 13.5
Sources: Estimates are from or are compiled from data from World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Economic Research Service.

Table 3. Cattle commercial slaughter and inventories
YearU.S. Cattle ImportsU.S.Beef &Veal Imports
TotalFrom CanadaShare from CanadaTotalFrom CanadaShare from CanadaImports From Canada as Share of U.S. Beef Consumptions
Million HeadPercentBillion LB, Carcass WeightPercent
2002  2.503 1.686 67.0 3.218 1.091 34.0 3.9
2003 1.752 0.512 29.0 3.006 0.74 25.0 2.7
2004 1.371 3/ <0.1 3.679 1.062 29.0 3.8
2005 1.816 0.559 31.0 3.599 1.092 30.0 3.9
2006 2.289 1.032 45.0 3.085 0.844 27.0 3.0
2007 2.495 1.405 56.0 3.052 0.789 26.0 2.8
2008 2.284 1.581 69.0 2.538 0.841 33.0 3.1
2009 2.002 1.061 53.0 2.627 0.812 31.0 3.0
2010  2.284  1.063 47.0 2.297 0.861 31.0 3.3
2011 2.107 0.686 33.0 2.056 0.689 34.0 2.7
2012 2.253 0.815 34.9 2.219 0.537 24.2 2.1
2013 2.03 1.04 51.1 2.250 0.538 23.9 2.1

1/ Cattle shipments from Canada to the United States may include animals transshipped through Canada from Hawaii or Alaska.
2/ Some products imported from Canada could be made from animals originally exported from the                   United States.
3/ 135 head.
Sources: Estimates are from or are compiled from data from Economic Research Service.

Table 4. U.S. meat and livestock imports/exports by country
YearLive AnimalsBeef ProductsTotal Sales
Billion $Can
2002   1.832  2.073 3.904
2003  0.592 1.378 1.970
2004  0.000 1.872 1.872
2005  0.628 1.781 2.409
2006  1.189 1.262 2.450
2007  1.545 1.133 2.678
2008  1.646 1.220 2.865
2009  1.122 1.149 2.271
2010  1.128 1.317 2.445
2011  0.890 1.196 2.086
2012  1.109 1.059 2.168
2013 1.362 1.149 2.511

Note:   Live animals = HS 0102; Beef products = HS 160250, 0201, and 0202.
Sources: Estimates are from or are compiled from data from the World Trade Atlas.

Table 5. Top Markets for US Beef
YearJapanMexicoSouth KoreaCanada
VolumeValueVolumeValueVolumeValueVolumeValue
Million lb carcass weight$millionMillion lb carcass weight$millionMillion lb carcass weight$millionMillion lb carcass weight$million
2003 918 1,182 586 623 587 754 227 309
2004 12 31 333 393 1 2 56 105
2005 17 50 464 584 1 3 106 194
2006 52 105 660 786 1 4 239 415
2007 159 294 586 737 78 124 339 576
2008 231 439 759 895 152 291 389 683
2009 274 495 628 770 141 215 363 622
2010 351 662 500 669 277 504 391 731
2011 456 873 488 791 380 661 500 1,039
2012 449 1,000 352 647 305 548 467 1,189
2013 671 1,283 403 738 253 567 463 1,190

1/ BSE was confirmed in a U.S. cattle sample in late December 2003. Before BSE, countries included accounted for over 90 percent of U.S. beef exports. Volumes on a carcass weight basis.
Sources:  Estimates are from or are compiled from data from World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates, National Agricultural Statistics Service and Economic Research Service.

Want More Information?
Information on BSE from other USDA agencies:

Last updated: Monday, December 29, 2014

For more information contact: Kenneth Mathews