The trend toward fewer and larger enterprises has brought
environmental issues to the forefront of public policy regarding
the U.S. livestock industry. As animal density (number of animals
per unit of land area) increases, so do concerns regarding air and
water quality, occupational health, and waste management. The
Environmental Protection Agency posts information about the
environmental requirements for the production of livestock in Animal Feeding Operations.
Any product that is used as an animal feed ingredient is
regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Center
for Veterinary Medicine (CVM). CVM works with State and local
authorities to set regulatory standards for feed ingredients. The
agency also issues uniform feed-ingredient definitions and
feed-labeling standards to ensure feed is safe.
Cattle are also affected by other Government policies and
programs related to animal health, food safety, mandatory price
reporting, and country-of-origin labeling.
Government Assistance Programs
Federal Government assistance to the cattle sector is limited to
emergency measures approved for a specific scope and period of time
to address the needs of producers suffering losses due to drought,
hot weather, disease, insect infestation, flood, fire, hurricane,
earthquake, severe storms, or other natural disasters. See the Disaster Assistance Programs section of USDA's
Farm Service Agency web site for information on currently offered