The United States is one of the world's largest exporters of
seafood products and its second largest seafood importer. Data on
the domestic wild seafood harvest and imports and exports of
seafood products are compiled by the National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration's National Marine Fisheries Service
(NOAA Fisheries), an agency of the Department of Commerce.
Although the United States is a major seafood exporter, its
exports of aquaculture products are relatively small: some
farm-raised trout and salmon, chiefly to Canada and Mexico, and
oysters and clams to Canada. The catfish industry has been
attempting to develop export markets in Europe, but has, so far,
met with only limited success. The U.S. ornamental fish industry
exports its products to a number of countries, but the United
States is a net importer of ornamental fish.
On the other hand, the United States is a major importer of
farm-raised seafood products. The largest categories of imported
aquaculture products are shrimp, salmon, and tilapia.