Feed Grains Backgrounder
by Linwood Hoffman
, Allen Baker, Linda Foreman, and Edwin Young
Outlook No. (FDS-07C01) 58 pp, March 2007
The U.S. feed grain sector, largest of the major U.S. field crops, faces unprecedented demand conditions. The size and speed of the expanding use of corn by the ethanol industry is raising widespread issues throughout U.S. agriculture. Debate is ongoing over the use of grain for fuel instead of for food or feed and the adequacy of future grain supplies. Increased productivity (yield) and additional area from land planted to competing crops, land enrolled in conservation programs, or idled land is expected to provide an increased supply of feed grains. The outlook is for higher feed grain prices, in part, as a result of renewable energy policies and high energy prices, with feed grain prices rising above farm program support levels. During the ongoing farm policy debate, the U.S. feed grain sector faces uncertainty about the future level and type of government support.
Keywords: Feed grains, corn, sorghum, barley, oats, demand, ethanol, supply, prices, trade, household and farm income, government support programs, farm policy
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