Baby Boom Migration and Its Impact on Rural America
by John Cromartie
and Peter Nelson
Economic Research Report No. (ERR-79) 36 pp, August 2009
Members of the baby boom cohort, now 45-63 years old, are approaching a period in their lives when moves to rural and small-town destinations increase. An analysis of age-specific, net migration during the 1990s reveals extensive shifts in migration patterns as Americans move through different life-cycle stages. Assuming similar age patterns of migration, this report identifies the types of nonmetropolitan counties that are likely to experience the greatest surge in baby boom migration during 2000-20 and projects the likely impact on the size and distribution of retirement-age populations in destination counties. The analysis finds a significant increase in the propensity to migrate to nonmetro counties as people reach their fifties and sixties and projects a shift in migration among boomers toward more isolated settings, especially those with high natural and urban amenities and lower housing costs. If baby boomers follow past migration patterns, the nonmetro population age 55-75 will increase by 30 percent between now and 2020.
Keywords: Baby boomers, migration, net migration, rural development, life-cycle migration, population projections, nonmetropolitan, nonmetro, rural economy, metro, rural America, census data, population growth, demographics
In this publication...
- Report Summary, 173 kb | HTML
- Abstract, Contents, and Summary, 135 kb
- Introduction, 82 kb
- Why Is Baby Boom Migration Important to Rural America?, 47 kb
- Migration as a Life-Cycle Event, 104 kb
- Migration Patterns of the Baby Boom Cohort, 45 kb
- Factors Driving Age-Specific Net Migration, 1990-2000, 150 kb
- Net Migration Projections, 2000-20, 117 kb
- Conclusion, 44 kb
- References, 49 kb
- Appendix: Regression Analysis and Population Projections, 320 kb
- Entire report, 785 kb
- Download ERR79.zip, 247 kb
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