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Publications

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178 publications, sorted by date 

LDPM-250, April 15, 2015
The Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Outlook for April 2015 analyzes economic impacts of events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates report for beef, pork, lamb, poultry, eggs, and dairy production and trade.
OCS-15D, April 13, 2015
U.S. soybean stocks getting worked down by record demand.
FDS-15D, April 13, 2015
The April 2015 Feed Outlook report contains projections for the 2014/15 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report.
Amber Waves, April 06, 2015
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)—implemented in 1994 by Canada, Mexico, and the United States—has resulted in expanded flows of intraregional agricultural trade and substantial levels of foreign direct investment in the processed food sector. A more integrated North American market in...
EIB-138, March 23, 2015
A new survey collected information from a national sample of households about where they shop for food, what they purchase, and the prices they pay. It samples SNAP participants, as well as nonparticipants in several income levels.
LDPM-249, March 16, 2015
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for March 2015 analyzes animal product markets based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates report for beef, pork, poultry, lamb, and dairy production and trade.
OCS-15C, March 12, 2015
Soybean prices buoyed by slow start for Brazil.
FDS-15C, March 12, 2015
The March 2015 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2014/15 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
AES-85, February 19, 2015
February 2015 USDA forecasts for U.S. agricultural trade in FY 2015 are discussed in this report. Exports to fall $11 billion in 2015; imports to reach new record high.
LDPM-248, February 17, 2015
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for February 2015, describes developments and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates report for beef, pork, lamb, poultry, eggs, and dairy production and trade.
OCS-15B, February 12, 2015
Improved soybean demand trims U.S. ending stocks outlook.
FDS-15B, February 12, 2015
The February 2015 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2014/15 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
WRS-15-01, February 02, 2015
In 20 years after NAFTA’s implementation, U.S. agricultural exports to Canada and Mexico increased from $8.9 billion to $39.5 billion, while U.S. agricultural imports from these trading partners rose from $7.4 billion to $39.4 billion.
LDPM-247, January 16, 2015
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for January 2015 analyzes animal product markets based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report for beef, pork, poultry, lamb, and dairy production and trade.
OCS-15A, January 14, 2015
U.S. soybean shipments surge but new sales are slowing.
FDS-15A, January 14, 2015
The January 2015 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2014/15 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
LDPM-246, December 16, 2014
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for December 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report for beef, pork, lamb, poultry, eggs, and dairy production and trade.
OCS-14L, December 12, 2014
Strong soybean exports support prices.
FDS-14L, December 12, 2014
The December 2014 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2014/15 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
AES-84, December 02, 2014
December 2014 USDA forecasts for U.S. agricultural trade in FY 2015 are discussed in this report. Exports to fall $9 billion in 2015; imports to reach new record.
LDPM-245, November 17, 2014
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for November 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.
OCS-14K, November 13, 2014
Robust soybean meal exports propel strong domestic use of soybeans.
FDS-14K, November 13, 2014
The November 2014 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2014/15 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
Amber Waves, October 20, 2014
Growth in Federal Crop Insurance (FCI) has generally been attributed to the increase in crop insurance premium subsidies. While ERS research results show the lower costs had only small effects on acreage enrollment, those already enrolled showed an adoption of higher levels of coverage. Results sug...
LDPM-244, October 17, 2014
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for October 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.
OCS-14J, October 15, 2014
Soybean prices depressed by historically high supply.
FDS-14J, October 15, 2014
The October 2014 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2014/15 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
LDPM-243, September 17, 2014
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for August 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply Demand Estimates (WASDE) report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.
EIB-128, September 17, 2014
In 2010, the average operating and ownership costs per bushel varied between low- and high-cost corn producers but not among producers with different enterprise sizes. Organic production returns exceeded those for conventional production.
OCS-14I, September 15, 2014
Record soybean yields to raise season-ending stocks to 8-year high.
FDS-14I, September 15, 2014
The September 2014 Feed Outlook report contains projections for the 2014/15 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
AES-83, August 28, 2014
August 2014 USDA forecasts for U.S. agricultural trade in FY 2014 and 2015 are discussed in this report. Record-high imports and exports expected in 2014. Exports to fall 7 percent in 2015; imports to reach new record.
LDPM-242, August 18, 2014
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for August 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.
OCS-14H, August 14, 2014
U.S. soybean yields rise with favorable weather.
FDS-14H, August 14, 2014
The August 2014 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2014/15 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
ERR-170, July 28, 2014
“Additionality,” achieved when a voluntary payment to farmers causes a change in conservation practice leading to an improvement in environmental quality, varies by type of practice.
LDPM-241, July 17, 2014
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for July 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.
OCS-14G, July 15, 2014
Soybean price outlook dampened by prospects for record production.
FDS-14G, July 15, 2014
The July 2014 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2014/15 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
Amber Waves, July 07, 2014
Organic program provisions in the 2014 Farm Act cover a broad set of objectives—assisting with organic certification costs, expanding organic research and data collection, improving technical assistance and crop insurance, strengthening enforcement of organic regulations, and expanding market opport...
Amber Waves, July 07, 2014
The new Farm Act continues a shift toward closer links between commodity programs and Federal crop insurance, involving complex trade-offs for producers. Read about it in the July issue of Amber Waves magazine.
ERR-169, July 07, 2014
Increases to premium subsidies can induce farmers to enroll more land in the crop insurance program, but they primarily encourage them to adopt higher levels of coverage on land already enrolled. Effects vary by region and crop type.
LDPM-240, June 18, 2014
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for June 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.
OCS-14F, June 13, 2014
Tight U.S. soybean stocks support prices in advance of new-crop supplies.
FDS-14F, June 13, 2014
The June 2014 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2013/14 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
AES-82, May 29, 2014
The May 2014 quarterly USDA forecasts for agricultural trade in the United States in FY 2014 are presented and discussed in this report.
EIB-125, May 27, 2014
Double-cropping (about 2 percent of total cropland) intensifies production without expanding cropland acres. Use of double-cropping varies by crop, region, and climate, and responds year-to-year to changes in commodity prices and weather.
EIB-124, May 16, 2014
Pesticide use on 21 selected crops more than tripled from 1960 to 1981, but has since declined from 632 million pounds to 516 million pounds in 2008, partly due to more efficient active ingredients, Integrated Pest Management, and GE seeds.
LDPM-239, May 15, 2014
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for May 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.
OCS-14E, May 13, 2014
Global oilseed supplies seen surging with a record U.S. soybean crop.
FDS-14E, May 13, 2014
The May 2014 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2013/14 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
FDS-14D-01, April 28, 2014
The pace of growth in China’s corn yield is a key determinant of its future corn imports. Yields are growing, but more slowly than U.S. yields. Trends suggest China’s corn consumption, driven by feed demand, will outpace production growth.
LDPM-238, April 15, 2014
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for April 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.
OCS-14D, April 11, 2014
Record 2014 soybean acreage heralds upsurge for currently tight stocks.
FDS-14D, April 11, 2014
The April 2014 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2013/14 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
Amber Waves, April 07, 2014
USDA anticipates that China’s soybean and corn imports will continue to rise, with soybean imports meeting nearly all soybean meal demand and imports accounting for about 10 percent of corn supplies by 2023. Meat imports are also projected to rise, but remain a small share of consumption.
LDPM-237, March 14, 2014
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for March 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.
OCS-14C, March 12, 2014
U.S. soybean exports stay firm despite gains in Brazil shipments.
FDS-14C, March 12, 2014
The March 2014 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2013/14 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
Amber Waves, March 04, 2014
Farmers planted about 170 million acres of GE crops in 2013.
ERR-162, February 20, 2014
Farmer adoption of GE crops is associated with time savings, lower insecticide use, and more conservation tillage. Consumer acceptance of GE ingredients varies across countries, product characteristics, and level of information.
EIB-121, February 20, 2014
In the United States, 31 percent—or 133 billion pounds—of the 430 billion pounds of the available food supply at retail and consumer levels went uneaten in 2010. Errata: On June 27, 2014, Tables 2, 3, and 5 were updated to correct some incorrect values. The errors did not affect ...
AES-81, February 20, 2014
The February 2014 quarterly USDA forecasts for agricultural trade in the United States in FY 2014 are presented and discussed in this report.
LDPM-236, February 14, 2014
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for February 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.
OCS-14B, February 12, 2014
Strong demand for U.S. soybeans will soon shift quickly to Brazil.
FDS-14B, February 12, 2014
The February 2014 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2013/14 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
LDPM-235, January 16, 2014
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for January 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.
OCS-14A, January 14, 2014
The January 2014 Oil Crops Outlook analyzes the major changes and events in the world market for oilseeds and oilseed products.
FDS-14A, January 14, 2014
The January 2014 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2013/14 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
FDS-13L-01, December 30, 2013
From 2005 to 2011, there were growing discrepancies between expiring futures prices and cash prices for wheat, corn, and soybeans--a problem known as non-convergence. Changes to futures contracts have improved convergence since 2011.
Amber Waves, December 16, 2013
Energy Development’s Impacts on Rural Employment Growth.
LDPM-234, December 16, 2013
Exports and Demand Dynamics Provide Price Support.
OCS-13L, December 12, 2013
An Abundance of U.S. Soybean Supplies Propels 2013/14 Exports.
FDS-13L, December 12, 2013
Imports Bump Up Feed Grain Supplies as Ethanol and Exports Boost Use and Stocks Slip.
AES-80, December 02, 2013
U.S. agricultural exports to fall 3 percent in fiscal 2014. Imports to rise 5 percent to record high.
LDPM-233, November 15, 2013
Lower Feed Grain Prices Improve Margins.
OCS-13K, November 13, 2013
U.S. Soybean Exports Forecast Boosted by Strong Sales, Improved Crop.
FDS-13K, November 13, 2013
Market analysis of domestic and international feed grain markets.
OCS-13I, September 16, 2013
Each month,the Oil Crops Outlook analyzes the major changes and events in the world market for oilseeds and oilseed products.
FDS-13I, September 16, 2013
A 0.9-bushel increase in the projected U.S. corn yield for 2013/14 boosts corn production by 80 million bushels.
LDPM-230, August 16, 2013
2013 meat and poultry forecast increases year over year.
OCS-13H, August 14, 2013
Rising competition, smaller crop gains seen limiting U.S. soybean demand.
FDS-13H, August 14, 2013
Market analysis of domestic and international feed grain markets.
FDS-13G-01, July 26, 2013
Weather during the growing season is critical for corn and soybean yields. Models for U.S. corn and soybean yields provide estimates of the effects of weather on yields for those crops.
LDPM-229, July 17, 2013
Meat and poultry higher in second half 2013.
OCS-13G, July 15, 2013
Soybean acreage expansion, better yields are seen swelling 2013/14 stocks.
FDS-13G, July 15, 2013
This month’s projected 2013/14 feed grain supplies are slightly lower, reflecting a reduction in harvested acres for corn.
LDPM-228, June 18, 2013
Livestock Imports Lower Into 2014.
OCS-13-F, June 14, 2013
Strong soybean meal prices buoy U.S. processors.
FDS-13F, June 14, 2013
Rains have delayed planting the 2013 corn crop resulting in a projected yield decline of 1.5 bushels per acre to 156.5 bushels per acre.
LDPM-227, May 16, 2013
Pork and poultry production forecast higher in 2014, beef lower.
OCS-13E, May 14, 2013
Oilseed Production Gains for 2013/14 Could Outpace Global Consumption.
FDS-13E, May 14, 2013
May 2013 Feed Outlook report
EIB-112, May 13, 2013
Farmers have adapted to rising energy prices and evolving policies by adjusting their use of energy-based agricultural inputs, altering energy-intensive production practices, and growing more energy-feedstock crops.
LDPM-226, April 16, 2013
Lower corn prices may boost expansion for livestock.
OCS-13D, April 12, 2013
Prices ease after USDA reports larger than expected soybean stocks.
FDS-13D, April 12, 2013
Lower than expected March 1 corn stocks roil markets, lower price, and raise ending stocks.
LDPM-225, March 14, 2013
Export Markets Evolve, but Dynamic Year for Total Red Meat and Poultry Exports Not Expected.
OCS-13C, March 12, 2013
Moderating soybean meal and oil prices herald declining production.
FDS-13c, March 12, 2013
Record-low exports and strong imports are reflected in a 100-million-bushel increase in feed and residual use for corn.
LDPM-224, February 14, 2013
Cattle herd rebuilding thrown a curve, drought to determine inventory dynamics in 2013.
OCS-13B, February 12, 2013
Each month,the Oil Crops Outlook analyzes the major changes and events in the world market for oilseeds and oilseed products.
FDS-13B, February 12, 2013
Market analysis of domestic and international feed grain markets.
WHS-13A-01, February 04, 2013
The three major grain-producing countries of the former Soviet Union--Kazakhstan, Russia, and Ukraine--have become a large grain-exporting region. This report examines the causes and provides the 10-year outlook for the region's exports.
LDPM-223, January 17, 2013
With the new year continues the same drought as well and its continued negative impacts on the cattle sector.
OCS-13A, January 15, 2013
Each month, the Oil Crops Outlook analyzes the major changes and events in the world market for oilseeds and oilseed products.
FDS-13A, January 15, 2013
Market analysis of domestic and international feed grain markets
LDPM-222, December 17, 2012
Smaller Dairy Herd Expected in 2013.
FDS-12L, December 13, 2012
Market analysis of domestic and international feed grain markets.
OCS-12L, December 12, 2012
ERS -- working closely with the World Agricultural Outlook Board, the Foreign Agricultural Service, and other USDA agencies -- conducts market analysis and provides short- and long-term projections of U.S. and world agricultural production, consumption, and trade.
LDPM-221, November 16, 2012
Meat production is trimmed in 2013.
EIB-103, November 16, 2012
A number of Farm Act proposals call for ending the direct payment program. ERS analysis suggests that for the majority of farms receiving direct payments, this would not result in substantial decline in financial well-being.
FDS-12K, November 14, 2012
Market analysis of domestic and international feed grain markets.
EB-20, November 14, 2012
Nitrogen is a critical input in agriculture, and corn is the largest user of nitrogen. An examination of nitrogen management on corn cropland indicates that corn producers appear to be applying less excess nitrogen.
OCS-12-k, November 13, 2012
ERS -- working closely with the World Agricultural Outlook Board, the Foreign Agricultural Service, and other USDA agencies -- conducts market analysis and provides short- and long-term projections of U.S. and world agricultural production, consumption, and trade.
FDS-12J, October 15, 2012
Market analysis of domestic and international feed grain markets.
OCS-12J, October 12, 2012
ERS--working closely with the World Agricultural Outlook Board, the Foreign Agricultural Service, and other USDA agencies--conducts market analysis and provides short- and long-term projections of U.S. and world agricultural production, consumption, and trade.
OCS-12i, September 13, 2012
ERS--working closely with the World Agricultural Outlook Board, the Foreign Agricultural Service, and other USDA agencies--conducts market analysis and provides short- and long-term projections of U.S. and world agricultural production, consumption, and trade.
FDS-12H, August 14, 2012
Market analysis of domestic and international feed grain markets.
OCS-12h, August 13, 2012
ERS -- working closely with the World Agricultural Outlook Board, the Foreign Agricultural Service, and other USDA agencies -- conducts market analysis and provides short- and long-term projections of U.S. and world agricultural production, consumption, and trade
FDS-12G-01, August 09, 2012
ERs reviews China’s emergence as an export market for U.S.-produced DDGS, the primary co-product from corn-based ethanol production, and analyzes how Chinese trade policies and the costs of alternative feed affect demand.
FDS-12G, July 13, 2012
U.S. feed grain supplies for 2012/13 are projected sharply lower this month with lower production for corn on lower yields. Extremely hot weather and drought result in a 20- bushel-per-acre decline in the projected corn yield to 146 bushels per acre reducing projected production to 13.0 billion bush...
FDS-12F-01, July 03, 2012
An early corn harvest—before the August 31 end of the previous marketing year—creates an overlap of supply-and-use data between the old and new marketing years that can alter the patterns of corn use and ending stocks, with implications for official USDA projections and estimates.
FDS-12F, June 14, 2012
The 2012/13 U.S. corn balance sheet is unchanged this month. Corn ethanol use for 2011/12 is projected up 50 million bushels this month to 5,050 million as recent ethanol production data have been stronger than expected. While slowing from its peak in December 2011, ethanol production and use has be...
FDS-12e, May 14, 2012
As of May 6, 71 percent of the U.S. corn crop had been planted, compared with an average of 47 percent in 2007-11 and 32 percent in 2011/12. As of the same date, 32 percent of the expected crop had emerged, compared with an average of 13 percent in 2007-11 and 6 percent last year. Early planting boo...
FDS-12d, April 12, 2012
The U.S. feed grain balance sheet is unchanged from last month. The quarterly Stocks Report confirmed continued tight feed grain supplies as of March 1. The Prospective Plantings report pegged 2012 intended plantings of corn at 95.9 million acres, an increase of 3.9 million acres from 2011.
OCS-12d, April 11, 2012
USDA’s Prospective Plantings report in March indicated that U.S. farmers intend to reduce the acreage sown to soybeans this year by 1.4 percent to 73.9 million acres as expected returns for corn were more attractive. Also, growers intend this spring to increase U.S. sunflowerseed acreage by 17 perce...
LDPM-213, March 15, 2012
Beef cow slaughter may be declining, and heifer retention to replace cows may be in early stages. Cattle feeding margins are improving for the short term, but packers are likely still seeing red. Retail prices may also be encountering some consumer resistance.
FDS-12c, March 13, 2012
World 2011/12 coarse grain production and use are projected higher this month, but the increase in consumption is larger, trimming prospects for ending stocks. Brazil’s corn production and exports are increased based on higher area for second-crop corn. Forecast EU corn feed use is increased, offset...
OCS-12c, March 12, 2012
Based on shrinking prospects for South American crops, USDA’s forecast of the 2011/12-average soybean price received by U.S. farmers fell to $11.40-$12.60 per bushel from $11.10-$12.30 last month. Similarly, USDA raised its forecast of the season-average price for soybean meal to $310-$340 per short...
FDS-12b, February 13, 2012
U.S. 2011/12 corn exports are increased 50 million bushels this month to 1.7 billion as lower production prospects in Argentina reduce competition in global markets. U.S. corn supplies are projected up slightly due to increased imports, but the larger increase in exports leaves ending stocks down. G...
FDS-12a, January 17, 2012
The National Agricultural Statistics Service's Crop Production 2011 Summary and January Grain Stocks reports revealed larger than expected corn supplies this month. Feed grain production for 2011/12 is estimated at 323.5 million tons, up 0.4 million from last month as higher estimated corn productio...
EIB-87, November 22, 2011
ERS offers a conceptual framework for identifying overlap in farm safety net programs, including how to define and measure overlap. The study also suggests a direction for further analysis.
BIO-03, November 08, 2011
This report provides an overview of how the Renewable Identification Number (RIN) market works to ensure compliance with the Renewable Fuel Standard provision of the Energy Independence and Security Act, as well as how RIN prices are determined and which factors influence their prices.
FDS: FEED OUTLOOK-11I01, October 13, 2011
Corn-based dry-mill ethanol production and its coproducts – notably distillers’ dried grains with soluble (DDGS) – have surged in recent years. The report estimates the potential substitution of DDGS for corn and soybean meal in livestock feeding and the impact of substitution upon the U.S. feed com...
EIB-80, August 24, 2011
The adoption of precision agriculture, which encompasses a suite of farm-level information technologies, can improve the efficiency of input use and reduce environmental harm from the overapplication of inputs such as fertilizers and pesticides. Still, the adoption of precision agricultural technolo...
EIB-79, August 18, 2011
ERS examines how the farm sector reacted to increased demand for corn needed to fuel a 9-billion-gallon rise in ethanol production in the past decade. In the United States, corn is the primary ethanol feedstock.
GFA-22, July 15, 2011
ERS assesses the food security situation in 77 developing countries, including estimates for 2011 and projections for the next decade. The report is the latest in an annual series.
ERR-115, April 15, 2011
ERS examines possible impacts of recently implemented free trade agreements (FTAs) where the United States is not a partner, and potential effects of pending U.S. agreements with Korea, Colombia, and Panama.
OCE-111, February 14, 2011
This report provides longrun (10-year) projections for the agricultural sector through 2020. Projections cover agricultural commodities, agricultural trade, and aggregate indicators of the sector, such as farm income and food prices.
AP-054, February 10, 2011
The House Report 111-181 accompanying H.R. 2997, the 2010 Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Bill, requested the USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS) in conjunction with the Office of the Chief Economist, to conduct a study of land-use...
FDS-10k-01, December 09, 2010
Growth in corn dry-mill ethanol production has surged in the past several years, simultaneously creating a coproduct—distillers’ grains (DDGS). Many in the U.S. feed industry were concerned about the size of this new feed source and whether it could be used entirely by the feed industry, but they al...
ERR-101, September 17, 2010
ERS analyzes the distribution, by crop and region, of potential farm payments and risk reduction in the revenue-based Average Crop Revenue Election (ACRE) program. The report focuses on corn, soybeans, wheat, and cotton.
LDPM-194-01, August 30, 2010
This report provides a broad overview of the beef market in Japan, including consumer’s preferences, domestic production practices, domestic and trade policies, and market outlook.
BIO-01-01, May 14, 2010
This report assesses the short-term outlook for production of next-generation biofuels and the near-term challenges facing the sector. Next-generation U.S. biofuel capacity should reach about 88 million gallons in 2010, thanks in large measure to one plant becoming commercially operational in 2010, ...
ERR-84, December 29, 2009
ERS applied requirements of the new Average Crop Revenue Election (ACRE) program to eligible crops from 1996 to 2008 and analyzed whether farmers would have benefited more from ACRE than from the programs available during that time
FDS-09k-01, December 14, 2009
China’s corn imports are minimal, even though it is using a growing proportion of its corn to produce starch, ethanol, and other industrial products. The corn-processing industry’s growth was encouraged by Chinese government policy, but the industry now has excess capacity. Many of the corn-based in...
Amber Waves, December 01, 2009
Recent increases in inflation-adjusted crop prices have sparked renewed interest in the potential for continued increases in crop yields. Investment in scientific research is key for boosting corn yields, making productivity, environmental, and bioenergy goals easier to attain.
ERR-86, November 18, 2009
The Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 established specific targets for the production of biofuel in the United States. Until advanced technologies become commercially viable, meeting these targets will increase demand for traditional agricultural commodities used to produce ethanol...
Amber Waves, September 01, 2009
The large gains in the scale of the U.S. ethanol industry over the past decade were achieved by “picking the low-hanging fruit” on both the supply and demand sides of the market. Achieving further large-scale gains will depend on whether the industry can overcome challenges in producing ethanol thro...
FDS-09G-01, August 05, 2009
The past 5 years have seen large increases in trading of corn, soybean, and wheat futures contracts by nontraditional traders, a trend that coincided with historic price increases for these commodities. These events have raised questions about whether changes in the composition of traders participat...
AP-037, June 25, 2009
The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 directed the U.S. Department of Agriculture to evaluate the role of animal manure as a source of fertilizer, and its other uses. About 5 percent of all U.S. cropland is currently fertilized with livestock manure, and corn accounts for over half of the a...
ERR-72, April 07, 2009
ERS examines the economic effects of two theoretical scenarios in which commodity support is determined by shortfalls in farm revenue, unlike current price-based programs or yield-based assistance.
WRS-09-03, March 31, 2009
Implementation of the agricultural provisions of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has drawn to a close. In 2008, the last of NAFTA’s transitional restrictions governing U.S.-Mexico and Canada-Mexico agricultural trade were removed, concluding a 14-year project in which the member coun...
AR-33, February 13, 2009
U.S. prices of fertilizer nutrients began to rise steadily in 2002 and increased sharply to historic highs in 2008 due to the combined effects of a number of domestic and global long- and shortrun supply and demand factors. From 2007 to 2008, spring nitrogen prices increased by a third, phosphate pr...
WRS-0801, July 23, 2008
World market prices for major food commodities such as grains and vegetable oils have risen sharply to historic highs of more than 60 percent above levels just 2 years ago. Many factors have contributed to the runup in food commodity prices. Some factors reflect trends of slower growth in production...
AP-022, January 23, 2008
The Farm Security Act of 2002, which governs Federal farm programs for 2002-07, was signed into law on May 13, 2002. This publication presents an overview of the Act and a side-by-side comparison of 1996-2001 farm legislation and the 2002 Act. For selected programs, information is provided to additi...
SB-974, January 07, 2008
These reports examine how production costs vary among producers of different commodities. These reports include details on production practices and input use levels (i.e., the 'technology set'), as well as farm operator and structural characteristics that underlie the cost and return estimates. The ...
WRS-0702, August 06, 2007
The volatile and upward trend in U.S. natural gas prices from 2000-06 has led to a 17-percent decline in the Nation’s annual aggregate supply of ammonia. During the period, U.S. ammonia production declined 44 percent, while U.S. ammonia imports increased 115 percent. Also, the share of U.S.-produced...
FDS-07D01, May 18, 2007
A large expansion in ethanol production is underway in the United States. Cellulosic sources of feedstocks for ethanol production hold some promise for the future, but the primary feedstock in the United States currently is corn. Market adjustments to this increased demand extend well beyond the cor...
FDS-07C01, March 30, 2007
The U.S. feed grain sector, largest of the major U.S. field crops, faces unprecedented demand conditions. The size and speed of the expanding use of corn by the ethanol industry is raising widespread issues throughout U.S. agriculture. Debate is ongoing over the use of grain for fuel instead of for ...
WRS-0701, March 29, 2007
Implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is drawing to a close. In 2008, the last of NAFTA’s transitional restrictions governing U.S.-Mexico and Canada-Mexico agricultural trade will be removed, concluding a 14-year project in which the member countries systematically disman...
ERR-35, February 28, 2007
Specialty grains coming onto the market (e.g., fiber-enriched wheat) are requiring adjustments in the marketing system, including information documentation and management, in order to preserve their added value or prevent accidental commingling with standard grains.
ERR-39, February 22, 2007
Counter-cyclical payments supplement incomes of eligible producers enrolled in commodity programs. ERS developed a computer program that improved upon USDA’s method of estimating payment rates and that producers and forecasters can use.
OCE-2007-1, February 14, 2007
This report provides longrun (10-year) projections for the agricultural sector through 2016. Projections cover agricultural commodities, agricultural trade, and aggregate indicators of the sector, such as farm income and food prices.
Amber Waves, April 01, 2006
This article examines the possible market impacts of the ongoing expansion of the U.S. ethanol sector. To meet the sector's growing demand for corn, some of the corn produced in the United States is likely to be diverted from exports. In the future, corn may cease to be the main feedstock for U.S. e...
FDS-05a01, January 28, 2005
The 2002 Farm Act provides for counter-cyclical payments when prices are below specified levels. Producers and policy analysts have a need to forecast counter-cyclical payments to plan for these program benefits/outlays. A futures price forecasting model provides forecasts of the counter-cyclical pa...
FDS-04D-01, May 01, 2004
Although the growing U.S.-Mexico corn trade has changed significantly since the implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1994, it retains many of its pre-trade-liberalization characteristics. The majority of U.S. corn exports to Mexico still consists of yellow corn, which is prim...
WRS-04-03, February 02, 2004
Poultry meat is the fastest growing component of global meat demand, and India, the world's second largest developing country, is experiencing rapid growth in its poultry sector. In India, poultry sector growth is being driven by rising incomes and a rapidly expanding middle class, together with the...
FDS-1202-01, December 12, 2002
A decline in China's corn exports was expected to be a main effect of that country's accession to the World Trade Organization in December 2001. Instead, China's corn exports continued at a near-record pace during 2002. China has canceled direct export subsidies, but other policies have replaced the...
TB-1878, August 02, 1999
Annual models for U.S. farm prices for corn and wheat are developed based on market factors as well as government agricultural commodity programs. The pricing relationships utilize a stocks-to-use modeling framework to capture the effects of market supply and demand factors on price determination. T...
AER-721, July 01, 1995
Studies conducted since the late 1970's have estimated the net energy value of corn ethanol. However, variations in data and assumptions used among the studies have resulted in a wide range of estimates. This study identifies the factors causing this wide variation and develops a more consistent est...
AER-671, June 01, 1993
The portion of U.S. agricultural production covered by government income support payments has declined over the span of the last two 5-year farm acts. Consequently, nongovernmental supply and demand factors (market forces) are becoming more important in influencing farmers' production decisions. Thi...
AGES-8947, September 01, 1989
This report address considerations in the 1990 farm bill debate for corn, including market conditions, policy proposals, trade agreements, and the interactions between policy and markets for selected commodities. Corn is the leading U.S. crop, both in volume and in value. In 1987, farmers planted ab...
AER-607, March 01, 1989
Expansion of the U.S. ethanol industry hinges largely on extension of the Federal fuel excise tax exemption and corn prices. This report examines production costs and the relative competitiveness of the ethanol industry. The report evaluates structural characteristics of the industry, including econ...
AIB-559, January 02, 1989
Ethanol produced from grain is viewed by many as a way to reduce energy imports, levels of carbon monoxide in the air, and surplus grain stocks. Federal and State governments helped to establish the fuel ethanol industry by providing direct payments, tax exemptions, and loan guarantees. Future Polic...
AER-585, April 29, 1988
Federally supported ethanol use is one alternative for meeting environmental, energy security, and agricultural objectives. Additional expansion of the industry depends on a continuation of current favorable conditions, including extension of the Federal gasoline tax exemption. Under current conditi...
AIB-498, April 01, 1986
The Food Security Act of 1985 (P.L. 99-198) establishes a comprehensive framework within which the Secretary of Agriculture will administer agriculture and food programs from 1986 through 1990. This report describes the Act's provisions for dairy, wool and mohair, wheat, feed grains, cotton, rice, p...

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