Constance Newman is an economist in the Food Assistance Branch
working on program evaluation and participation dynamics in the
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly the Food
Stamp Program) and the National School Lunch Program (NSLP). Her
current projects include an examination of SNAP administrative data
to better understand SNAP receipt and an examination of the impact
of recent legislation on school meal programs.
Constance previously conducted research in labor economics and
poverty analysis. Her early work focused on labor topics such as
wage determination and incentive pay issues. Later work focused on
the linkages between poverty and wage work, particularly for women
in developing countries. She has conducted economic analyses of
time use, labor productivity, immigration, and the implications for
rural America of electricity restructuring in the 1990s.
Constance holds a Ph.D. and a Master's in Agricultural
Economics from the University of California, Davis. Her Bachelor's
in International Relations is from the University of Wisconsin,
Newman, Constance. "The Food Costs of Healthier School Lunches,"
Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 41 (1): 12-18,
Newman, Constance, Jessica E. Todd, Michele Ver Ploeg.
"Children's Participation in Multiple Food Assistance Programs:
1990 to 2008," Social Service Review, December 2011.
Todd, Jessica E., Constance Newman, and Michele Ver Ploeg.
Changing Participation in Food Assistance Programs Among Low-Income
Children After Welfare Reform. USDA, ERS, ERR-92, February
Newman, Constance, Joanne Guthrie, Lisa Mancino, Katherine
Ralston, and Melissa Musiker.
Meeting Total Fat Requirements for School Lunches: Influence of
School Policies and Characteristics. USDA, ERS, ERR-87,
Newman, Constance and Dean Jolliffe."
Income Volatility Is Rising, With Mixed Effects on Nutrition
Assistance Participation," USDA, ERS, Amber Waves
7(4): 28-31, November 2009.
Newman, Constance. "The Income Volatility See-Saw: Implications
for School Lunch," in Income Volatility and Food Assistance in
the United States, Jolliffe, D. and J. Ziliak (eds.), Chapter
6. MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute, 2008.
Newman, Constance, Katherine Ralston, and Annette Clauson. "
Balancing Nutrition, Participation, and Cost in the National School
Lunch Program," USDA, ERS, Amber Waves 6(4): 32-39,
Mancino, Lisa and Constance Newman. "
Time Is Money. . .and Dinner!" USDA, ERS, Amber Waves
5(4): 4, September 2007.
The Income Volatility See-Saw: Implications for School Lunch.
USDA, ERS, ERR-23, August 2006.
Newman, Constance and Katherine Ralston.
Profiles of Participants in the National School Lunch Program: Data
from Two National Surveys. USDA, ERS, EIB-17, August 2006.
Newman, Constance. "
Impacts of Hispanic Population Growth on Rural Wages." USDA,
ERS, AER-826, September 2003.
Newman, Constance. "
Electric Market Restructuring: Issues for Rural America." USDA,
ERS, Rural America 17 (1): 2-11, 2002.
Newman, Constance. "Gender, Time Use, and Change: Impacts of the
Cut Flower Industry in Ecuador," World Bank Economic
Review 16 (3): 375-396, 2002.
Canagarajah, Sudharshan, Constance Newman, and Ruchira
Bhattamishra. "Non-Farm Income, Gender, and Inequality: Evidence
from Rural Ghana and Uganda," Food Policy 26 (4): 405-420,
Newman, Constance and Lovell Jarvis. "Worker and Firm
Determinants of Piece Rate Variation in an Agricultural Labor
Market," Economic Development and Cultural Change. 49 (1):