Carol Adaire Jones is a senior economist with the Production
Economics and Technology Branch of the Resource and Rural Economics
Division, (RRED) focusing on economics and policy issues associated
with climate change mitigation and impacts and the
interactions between the agriculture and energy sectors. In
addition, she is currently co-leading a scoping project on the
future of agriculture (how to feed large increases in global
population, in the face of climate change and other productivity
challenges), to identify targets of opportunity for ERS
During 2005-2008, Carol served as Chief of the Farm and Rural
Household Well-Being Branch. In that capacity she focused
on survey design and data analysis to measure farm household
well-being, as well as research to understand the implications of
farm household decisions for farm business performance, household
well-being and environmental outcomes. One research theme was
exploring the sources of the differential in well-being between
farm and other rural households, particularly in income, wealth and
For the prior 5 years, Carol served as the Associate Director
for Research in RRED. She also served on the faculty of the
international business school INCAE in Costa Rica during 1998-1999,
and of the University of Michigan (Economics Department and the
School of Natural Resources) during 1984-1990, and as a Gilbert
White Fellow at Resources for the Future (1988-1990). Throughout
much of the 1990s, she served as Chief of the Resource Valuation
Branch, Damage Assessment Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration (NOAA). At NOAA, Carol provided oversight of the
economic analyses in all natural resource damage assessments
conducted by NOAA in its capacity as a trustee for coastal and
marine resources, such as the Exxon Valdez oil spill. In addition
she was responsible for the development of the resource valuation
component of the natural resource damage assessment regulations for
implementing the Oil Pollution Act of 1990, in which capacity she
coordinated the "Blue Ribbon Panel on the Use of Contingent
Valuation in Natural Resource Damages."
Carol received her Ph.D. in Economics from Harvard University,
her M.Sc. from the London School of Economics, and her B.A. from
the University of Pennsylvania. She also held a post-doctoral
fellowship at the Harvard School of Public Health.
Carol is a member of the American Economics Association, the
Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, the Association of
Environmental and Resource Economists (AERE)and the International
Association for Research on Income and Wealth. She has served on
the AERE Board of Directors twice, from 1990-93 and from
Recent Bulletins and Reports
Marshall, E., M. Caswell, S. Malcolm, M. Motamed. J. Hrubovcak,
C. A. Jones, C. Nickerson, Measuring the Indirect Land-Use Change Associated
With Increased Biofuel Feedstock Production: A Review of Modeling
Efforts. 2011. Report to U.S. Congress. February 10.
Food Environment Atlas (with various authors). 2010. ERS, USDA.
Jones, C., 2010, "Rural Populations have Higher Rates of Chronic
Disease and Disability", Amber Waves, Volume 8, Issue
Jones, C., Milkove, D., Paszkiewicz, L. 2010. Measuring Farm Household Well-Being: Comparing
Consumption- and Income-based Measures, ERR91, ERS/USDA,
February. (Plus associated March 2010 Amber Waves Data
Jones, Carol Adaire, Timothy S. Parker, Mary Ahearn, Ashok K.
Mishra, and Jayachandran N. Variyam, Health Status and Health Care Access of Farm and
Rural Populations, EIB-57, U.S. Dept. of Agri., Econ. Res.
Serv. August 2009, 64 pp. (Plus associated September 2009 Amber
Waves article and podcast,"Taking the Pulse of Rural Health
"Farm Household Well-Being: The 2007 Income Forecast in a
Broader Perspective," with Robert Green, USDA 2007 Agricultural
Outlook Conference Proceedings, April 2007.
Population Dynamics Are Changing the Profile of Rural Areas."
with William Kandel and Tim Parker, Amber Waves, Economic
Research Service, USDA, April 2007.
Income an Incomplete Measure of Farm Household Well-Being,"
with Ashok Mishra. Amber Waves, Economic Research Service,
USDA, April 2007.
Agricultural Income and Finance Situation and Outlook
Report," AIS-84, with Theodore Covey, Robert Green, and
others, Economic Research Service, USDA, November 2006.
Economic Well-Being of Farm Households,, Economic Brief
#7, Economic Research Service, USDA, March 2006.
"Environmental Credit Trading: Can Farming Benefit?"
AIS-83, with Marc Ribaudo and Robert Johansson, and in Amber
Waves, Economic Research Service, USDA, February 2006
[Reprinted in Amber Waves special issue, Agriculture and
the Environment, July 2006]
Agricultural Income and Finance Situation and Outlook
Report, with Theodore Covey, Robert Green, and others,
Economic Research Service, USDA, November 2005.
The Economics of Sequestering Carbon in the U.S. Agricultural
Sector," Technical Bulletin #1909, with Jan Lewandrowski, Mark
Peters, Robert House, Marlen Eve, Keith Paustian, and Mark Sperow,
Economic Research Service, USDA, April 2004.
Is Carbon Sequestration Economically Feasible," with Jan
Lewandrowski, Amber Waves, Economic Research Service,
USDA, April 2004. [Reprinted in Amber Waves special issue,
Agriculture and the Environment, July 2006]
Selected Articles in Journals and Book
Jones, C. A., C. Nickerson, and N. Cavallaro.(Forthcoming
2012)."U.S. Agricultural Policies and Greenhouse Gas Emissions,"
inLand Use and the Carbon Cycle: Science and Applications in
Coupled Natural-human Systems, D. G. Brown, N. H.F. French, B. C.
Reed, and D. T. Robinson (eds.), Cambridge University Press:
Beckman, Jayson, Carol Adaire Jones, and Ronald Sands.
2011. "A Global General Equilibrium Analysis of Biofuel
Mandates and Greenhouse Gas Emissions." Amer. J. Agr.
Econ.1-8; doi: 10.1093/ajae/aaq086
Cosby, Arthur G., Tonya T. Neaves,
Ronald E. Cossman, Jeralynn S. Cossman, Wesley L. James, Neal
Feierabend, David M. Mirvis, Carol A. Jones, and Tracey Farrigan,
"Preliminary Evidence for an Emerging Nonmetropolitan Mortality
Penalty in the United States," American Journal of Public
Health, August, 2008, 98(8):1470-1472.
Jones, C.A., W. Kandel, and T. Parker,
"Population Dynamics are Changing the Profile of Rural Areas,"
Journal of Rural Mental Health, Volume 31, No. 3, Summer
2007, pp 46-53.
"Economic Valuation of Resource Injuries in Natural Resource
Liability Suits," Journal of Water Resources Planning and
Management, Nov./Dec. 2000, Vol. 126 (6): 358-365.
"The Emerging Carbon Market and the Role of Central America,"
with Marco Boscolo, Robert Faris, Theodore Panayotou and Lawrence
Pratt, in Environment for Growth: Environmental Management for
Sustainability and Competitiveness in Central America, T.
Panayotou (ed.), Harvard University Press, 2000.
"Strategic Issues in the Design of a Green Certification Program
for Tourism," with Lawrence Pratt, Crist Inman, Nathalia Mesa, and
Jorge Rivera, in Environment for Growth: Environmental
Management for Sustainability and Competitiveness in Central
America, T. Panayotou (ed.), Harvard University Press,
"The Effect of Modeling Substitute Activities on Recreational
Benefit Estimates," with Frank Lupi, Marine Resource
Economics, Volume 14, 2000.
"Restoration-based Approaches for Compensation for Natural
Resource Damages: Moving Toward Convergence in US and International
Law," in Austin, Jay and Carl Bruch, ed., The Environmental
Consequences of War: Legal, Economic and Scientific
Perspectives, Cambridge University Press, 2000. [Invited paper
for First International Conference on Addressing the Environmental
Consequences of War: Legal, Economic, and Scientific Perspectives,
sponsored by Environmental Law Institute, Smithsonian Institution,
and Kuwait Institute for Science, June 10-12, 1998.]
"Compensation for Natural Resource Damages from Oil Spills: A
Comparison of USA Law and International Conventions," in "National
and International Perspectives on the Legal Regulations of the
Natural Environment," a Special Issue of the International
Journal of Environment and Pollution, Volume 11, Number 1,
"Restoration-based Measures of Compensation in Natural Resource
Liability Statutes," with Katherine A. Pease, Contemporary
Economic Policy, Vol. XV, Number 4, 1997. [Reprinted in
Willis, K.G., Kenneth J. Button, and Peter Nijkamp, ed.,
Environmental Analysis and Economic Policy, Edward Elgar
Publishers, 1999, and in Portuguese, in Revista Direito Meio
Ambiente, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1999.]
"Use of Non-market Valuation Methods in the Courtroom: Recent
Affirmative Precedents in Natural Resource Damage Assessments,"
Water Resources Update. Issue Number 109: Autumn 1997.
"Avaliação da Perda Pública Causada por Danos aos Recursos
Naturais" [Valuing the Public Loss from Injuries to Natural
Resources], Revista Direito Meio Ambiente(São Paulo, Brazil),
Volume 3, 1997.
"Public and Private Claims in Natural Resource Damage
Assessments," with Theodore Tomasi and Stephanie Fluke, Harvard
Environmental Law Review, Vol. 20, Number 1, 1996.
Valuation of Environmental Quality at Michigan Recreational
Fishing Sites: Methodological Issues and Policy Applications, with
Yusen Sung. Final Report to Michigan Department of Natural
Resources and US Environmental Protection Agency, Contract No.
CR-816247-01-2, 1991 (Final version: 1993).
"Longitudinal Analysis of the Impact of OSHA Health and Safety
Inspections," with Wayne Gray, Journal of Human Resources,
Volume 26, No. 4, 623-653, Fall 1991.
"Are OSHA Health Inspections Effective? A Longitudinal Study in
the Manufacturing Sector," with Wayne Gray, The Review of
Economics and Statistics, Vol. LXXIII, No. 3, 504-508, August
"Social Cost of Uniform Regulatory Standards in a Hierarchical
Government," with Suzanne Scotchmer, Journal of Environmental
Economics and Management, Vol. 19, 61-72, 1989.