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ERS compares prices paid by consumers for food with prices received by farmers for corresponding commodities. This data set reports these comparisons for a variety of foods sold through retail foodstores such as supermarkets and supercenters.

Comparisons are made for individual foods and groupings of individual foods—market baskets—that represent what a typical U.S. household buys at retail in a year. The retail costs of these baskets are compared with the money received by farmers for a corresponding basket of agricultural commodities.

ERS data on price spreads for meat, pork, poultry, and eggs can be found in the Meat Price Spreads data product. A different method is used to calculate monthly price spreads for beef, pork, broilers, turkeys, and eggs.

Users may also be interested in an interactive data visualization; see Interactive Chart: Price Spreads and Food Markets.

Data Set   
DownloadsLast UpdatedNext Update
DairyBack to top
Milk and dairy basket Download as Excel1/20/2016
Butter, one poundDownload as Excel1/20/2016
Cheddar cheese, one poundDownload as Excel1/20/2016
Ice cream, regular, one-half gallonDownload as Excel1/20/2016
Whole milk, one gallonDownload as Excel1/20/2016
Fresh fruitBack to top
Fresh fruit basket Download as Excel1/22/2015
Fresh applesDownload as Excel1/22/2015
Fresh grapefruitDownload as Excel1/22/2015
Fresh grapesDownload as Excel1/22/2015
Fresh lemonsDownload as Excel1/22/2015
Fresh orangesDownload as Excel1/22/2015
Fresh peachesDownload as Excel1/22/2015
Fresh pearsDownload as Excel1/22/2015
Fresh strawberriesDownload as Excel1/22/2015
Fresh vegetablesBack to top
Fresh vegetables basket Download as Excel1/22/2015
Fresh broccoliDownload as Excel1/22/2015
Fresh lettuce, icebergDownload as Excel1/22/2015
Fresh potatoesDownload as Excel1/22/2015
Fresh tomatoes, field grownDownload as Excel1/22/2015
Processed fruit and vegetablesBack to top
Orange juice, not from concentrate, one gallonDownload as Excel1/22/2015
Orange juice, frozen concentrate, one reconstituted gallon Download as Excel1/22/2015
Field cropsBack to top
Flour, white, all purpose, per poundDownload as Excel2/9/2016
Margarine, stick, per poundDownload as Excel11/14/2012
Sugar, white, per poundDownload as Excel1/22/2015
White pan bread, per poundDownload as Excel8/11/2014
Archived VersionsBack to top
Butter, one poundDownload as Excel11/14/2012
Cheddar cheese, one poundDownload as Excel11/20/2013
Ice cream, regular, one-half gallonDownload as Excel11/20/2013
Whole milk, one gallonDownload as Excel11/20/2013

Last updated: Tuesday, February 09, 2016

For more information contact: Hayden Stewart and Howard Elitzak