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ERS compares prices paid by consumers for food with prices received by farmers for corresponding commodities. This data set reports these comparisons for a variety of foods sold through retail foodstores such as supermarkets and supercenters.

Comparisons are made for individual foods and groupings of individual foods—market baskets—that represent what a typical U.S. household buys at retail in a year. The retail costs of these baskets are compared with the money received by farmers for a corresponding basket of agricultural commodities.

ERS data on price spreads for meat, pork, poultry, and eggs can be found in the Meat Price Spreads data product. A different method is used to calculate monthly price spreads for beef, pork, broilers, turkeys, and eggs.

Data Set  Download as Excel
DownloadsLast UpdatedNext Update
DairyBack to top
Milk and dairy basket Download as Excel8/11/2014
Butter, one poundDownload as Excel11/14/2012
Cheddar cheese, one poundDownload as Excel8/11/2014
Ice cream, regular, one-half gallonDownload as Excel8/11/2014
Whole milk, one gallonDownload as Excel8/11/2014
Fresh fruitBack to top
Fresh fruit basket Download as Excel3/20/2013
Fresh applesDownload as Excel3/20/2013
Fresh grapefruitDownload as Excel3/20/2013
Fresh grapesDownload as Excel3/20/2013
Fresh lemonsDownload as Excel3/20/2013
Fresh orangesDownload as Excel3/20/2013
Fresh peachesDownload as Excel3/20/2013
Fresh pearsDownload as Excel3/20/2013
Fresh strawberriesDownload as Excel3/20/2013
Fresh vegetablesBack to top
Fresh vegetables basket Download as Excel11/20/2013
Fresh broccoliDownload as Excel11/20/2013
Fresh lettuce, icebergDownload as Excel11/20/2013
Fresh potatoesDownload as Excel11/20/2013
Fresh tomatoes, field grownDownload as Excel11/20/2013
Processed fruit and vegetablesBack to top
Orange juice, not from concentrate, one gallonDownload as Excel11/20/2013
Orange juice, frozen concentrate, one reconstituted gallon Download as Excel11/20/2013
Field cropsBack to top
Flour, white, all purpose, per poundDownload as Excel8/11/2014
Margarine, stick, per poundDownload as Excel11/14/2012
Sugar, white, per poundDownload as Excel11/20/2013
White pan bread, per poundDownload as Excel8/11/2014
Archived VersionsBack to top
Cheddar cheese, one poundDownload as Excel11/20/2013
Ice cream, regular, one-half gallonDownload as Excel11/20/2013
Whole milk, one gallonDownload as Excel11/20/2013

Last updated: Monday, August 11, 2014

For more information contact: Hayden Stewart and Howard Elitzak