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ERS compares prices paid by consumers for food with prices received by farmers for corresponding commodities. This data set reports these comparisons for a variety of foods sold through retail foodstores such as supermarkets and supercenters.

Comparisons are made for individual foods and groupings of individual foods—market baskets—that represent what a typical U.S. household buys at retail in a year. The retail costs of these baskets are compared with the money received by farmers for a corresponding basket of agricultural commodities.

ERS data on price spreads for meat, pork, poultry, and eggs can be found in the Meat Price Spreads data product. A different method is used to calculate monthly price spreads for beef, pork, broilers, turkeys, and eggs.

Users may also be interested in an interactive data visualization; see Interactive Chart: Price Spreads and Food Markets.

Data Set   
DownloadsLast UpdatedNext Update
DairyBack to top
Milk and dairy basket Download as Excel6/15/2016
Butter, one poundDownload as Excel1/20/2016
Cheddar cheese, one poundDownload as Excel6/15/2016
Ice cream, regular, one-half gallonDownload as Excel6/15/2016
Whole milk, one gallonDownload as Excel6/15/2016
Fresh fruitBack to top
Fresh fruit basket Download as Excel6/15/2016
Fresh applesDownload as Excel6/15/2016
Fresh grapefruitDownload as Excel6/15/2016
Fresh grapesDownload as Excel6/15/2016
Fresh lemonsDownload as Excel6/15/2016
Fresh orangesDownload as Excel6/15/2016
Fresh peachesDownload as Excel6/15/2016
Fresh pearsDownload as Excel6/15/2016
Fresh strawberriesDownload as Excel6/15/2016
Fresh vegetablesBack to top
Fresh vegetables basket Download as Excel6/15/2016
Fresh broccoliDownload as Excel6/15/2016
Fresh lettuce, icebergDownload as Excel6/15/2016
Fresh potatoesDownload as Excel6/15/2016
Fresh tomatoes, field grownDownload as Excel6/15/2016
Processed fruit and vegetablesBack to top
Orange juice, not from concentrate, one gallonDownload as Excel6/15/2016
Orange juice, frozen concentrate, one reconstituted gallon Download as Excel6/15/2016
Field cropsBack to top
Flour, white, all purpose, per poundDownload as Excel2/9/2016
Margarine, stick, per poundDownload as Excel11/14/2012
Sugar, white, per poundDownload as Excel6/15/2016
White pan bread, per poundDownload as Excel8/11/2014
Archived VersionsBack to top
Butter, one poundDownload as Excel11/14/2012
Cheddar cheese, one poundDownload as Excel11/20/2013
Ice cream, regular, one-half gallonDownload as Excel11/20/2013
Whole milk, one gallonDownload as Excel11/20/2013

Last updated: Wednesday, July 06, 2016

For more information contact: Hayden Stewart and Howard Elitzak