The food dollar series provides an overview of the food system, with estimates of the farm share and of the distribution of food-dollar value-added shares over time:
- For every dollar spent in 2013 in the U.S. on domestically produced food (food dollar), U.S. farmers sold 17.4 cents of farm products to non-farm establishments (farm share). After falling to 16.2 cents in 2009, the farm share of food dollar expenditures in 2013 is at a level comparable to the 2007-08 level.
- Farm production costs per food dollar have increased in six of the past seven years from 8.3 cents in 2006 to 10.5 cents in 2013.
- Foodservice costs per food dollar rose in 2013 to 31.5 cents, up from 31.1 cents in 2012.
- Energy costs per food dollar decreased one-half cent from 5.6 cents in 2012 to 5.2 cents in 2013.