|Project: Effects of Food Security on Pregnancy Outcomes
|Award Year: 2000
|Amount of award, fiscal 2000: $250,000.00
|Institution: Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
|Principal Investigator: Anna Maria Siega-Riz
|Detailed Objective: This project adds a food security research component to the large, ongoing Epidemiology
of Exertion, Stress and Preterm Delivery Study (PIN-III). The project will examine
the relationships between food insecurity and maternal nutritional indicators,
poor birth outcomes, and social and environmental factors. The study objectives
are to examine: (1) the prevalence of food insecurity and hunger in this perinatal
population; (2) the relationship between food insecurity and hunger and maternal
nutritional indicators of dietary intake and meal patterns during pregnancy; (3)
the relationship between food insecurity and hunger and poor birth outcomes (preterm
birth, small for gestational age) while controlling for other factors including
such things as food assistance receipt, income and demographic characteristics,
tobacco/alcohol/drug use, medical history, and bacterial vaginosis; and (4) the
relationships among hunger, community-level social and environmental factors,
and birth outcomes through spatial analysis.
|Topic: Food Security, Nutrition-Related Health Outcomes, Welfare Reform
Laraia, B., A. Siega-Riz, and C. Gundersen. “Household Food Insecurity Is Associated with Self-Reported Pregravid Weight Status, Gestational Weight Gain, and Pregnancy Complications,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Vol. 110, Issue 5, May 2010.
Laraia, B., A. Siega-Riz, C. Gundersen, and N. Dole. "Psychosocial Factors and Socioeconomic Indicators are Associated with Household Food Insecurity Among Pregnant Women," The Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 136, Issue 1, January 2006.