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Bilateral Fiber and Textile Trade

The Uruguay Round's 1995 Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC) mandated the phaseout of import quotas sanctioned for decades under agreements like the 1974 Multifiber Arrangement (MFA). Having access to bilateral trade data across the various products within the fiber-textile sector lays the foundation for better understanding of trade patterns and can underpin analyses of potential changes as the policy environment evolves. This database provides information about source-destination trade flows among 42 exporting and importing country/regions on 43 fiber, textile, and clothing product aggregates on an annual basis from 1992 to 2002.


The World Bids Farewell to the Multifiber Arrangement (MFA) (February 2006) describes the genesis and consequences of the MFA and the impacts of its removal. China, India, and Pakistan are the cotton-textile-exporting countries expected to benefit most from the MFA's demise. However, global cotton use is largely being driven by other factors, such as income growth. For the full report, see The Forces Shaping World Cotton Consumption After the Multifiber Arrangement (April 2005).

The September 2004 Amber Waves data feature, The Changing World Network of Trade in Textiles and Apparel, highlights recent changes in the nature of textile and clothing trade and draws implications about the impact of complete MFA quota removal.

    Data Set   
    DownloadsLast UpdatedNext Update
    Changing network of world net exports of textiles and clothingDownload as Excel12/8/2004
    Industrialized countries' export supply and import demand of textiles and clothingDownload as Excel12/8/2004
    Developing countries' export supply and import demand of textiles and clothingDownload as Excel12/8/2004
    Source of U.S. and European Union textile and clothing importsDownload as Excel12/8/2004
    The newly industrializing countries in Asia are losing market shares in textiles and clothing while developing countries, and especially China, are increasing their sharesDownload as Excel12/8/2004
    Developing- and industrializing-country export specialization patterns in clothing and textilesDownload as Excel12/8/2004
    The 2002 global network of textile and clothing exports to high-income areasDownload as Excel12/8/2004
    Changes in the global network of textile and clothing exports to high-income areas between 1992 and 2002Download as Excel12/8/2004
    U.S. trade in clothing, textiles, fibers, and cottonDownload as Excel12/8/2004
    U.S. cotton's fiber trade profileDownload as Excel12/8/2004
    Commodity/product makeup of U.S. and global fiber and textile exports, 2001-02Download as Excel12/8/2004
    Fiber content of global trade of textiles and clothing in 1992-93 and 2001-02Download as Excel12/8/2004
    Cotton-based imports of textiles and clothing (T&C) as a share of total T&C imports Download as Excel12/8/2004
    Textile and clothing exports as a share of total merchandise exportsDownload as Excel12/8/2004

    Last updated: Friday, March 08, 2013

    For more information contact: Stephen MacDonald, Leslie Meyer, and James Kiawu