Scope of Database
The database includes data items relevant to assessing the
supply and demand for major agricultural commodities in China. The
items are selected by ERS and are a small subset of the official
statistics published by the Chinese government. The database
includes only official statistics published by the Chinese
government. In some cases, they may differ from Chinese statistics
in other USDA statistical publications or databases.
Most data are published by the China National Bureau of
Statistics (NBS, China's official statistical agency) in the
annualChina Statistical Abstract, China Statistical Yearbook, Rural
Statistical Yearbook, Rural Household Survey Yearbook, Urban
Household Survey Yearbook, and China Monthly Economic Indicators.
NBS conducted agricultural censuses that provide benchmark data on
rural employment, cultivated land, and livestock for 1996 and 2006.
Some statistics on minor crops are obtained from the China Ministry
of Agriculture, China Agricultural Statistics Summary (Zhongguo
Nongye Tongji Ziliao). Food consumption, per capita food
expenditure, and household income statistics are estimated by NBS
from rural and urban household surveys. Food consumption data are
annual average per capita amounts consumed by rural households and
purchased by urban households.
The data are based on household surveys and administrative
reporting. Users should be aware that methods and definitions have
changed over time, creating major discontinuities in some data
series. Occasionally, data are revised. In 2006, China revised
gross domestic product (GDP) statistics upward. The 2008 update of
the ERS database replaced historical livestock, GDP and employment
figures with revised estimates published in current editions of
Chinese statistical yearbooks. Livestock and meat statistics for
2000-06 were revised following results from a new agricultural
census for the year 2006 that showed smaller livestock inventories
and output than was previously estimated. Some crop statistics for
2006 were also revised after the census. A summary of the 2006
revisions is available in Comparison of China Agricultural Statistics.
Cultivated land area statistics were revised upward for 1996
after China's first agricultural census was conducted in 1997.
Livestock inventories and production were revised downward after
the 1996 census. Livestock and cultivated land area statistics for
years prior to 1996 are included in the database although they may
Sources for information on which sources were used for various
For more information on China statistics, see:
Data for 2010 are preliminary statistics published in the 2011
China Statistical Abstract.
Data for 2009 were obtained from 2010 editions of yearbooks as
||China Statistical Yearbook, table
||China Statistical Yearbook, table 13-13.
|Soybean production and area
||Rural Statistical Yearbook, tables 7-7 and
|Peach and strawberry production and area
China Agriculture Yearbook
|Livestock inventories and slaughter
China Statistical Yearbook, table 13-18; Rural
Statistical Yearbook, table 7-38.
|Livestock products output
||China Statistical Yearbook, table 13-19.
|Aquatic products output
||China Statistical Yearbook, table 13-10.
||Rural Statistical Yearbook, tables
|Cultivated land area
China Statistical Yearbook, table 13-3.
|Gross output value of agriculture, forestry, and
||China Statistical Yearbook, table 13-4.
|Total power of agricultural machinery
||China Statistical Yearbook, table 13-5.
|Agricultural employment (primary industry)
||China Statistical Yearbook, table 4-3.
||China Statistical Yearbook, table 13-8.
||China Statistical Yearbook, table 13-6.
|Electricity consumed in rural areas
||China Statistical Yearbook, table 13-6.
|Food consumption per capita, urban
||China Statistical Yearbook, table 10-9.
|Food consumption per capita, rural
||China Statistical Yearbook, table 10-29 andRural
Household Survey Yearbook.
|Per capita living expenditures, urban
||China Statistical Yearbook,table 10-5.
|Per capita living expenditures and income,
China Statistical Yearbook, table 10-18, 10-24; and
Rural Household Survey Yearbook.
China Statistical Yearbook, tables 9-3, 9-4, 9-7, 9-8,
||China Statistical Yearbook, table 14-22.
|Gross domestic product
||China Statistical Yearbook, table 2-1.
||China Statistical Yearbook, tables 3-1.
See Readings to access National Bureau of
Statistics and Ministry of Agriculture data sources.
For the national level, the database contains 250 data
- major crops: production and sown area
- livestock: inventory, slaughter, and output of meat
- agricultural inputs
- food and agricultural price indexes
- urban and rural per capita food consumption
- industrial output of selected products
- selected macroeconomic data
At the provincial level (45 data items):
- crops: production and sown area, 1979-2005
- livestock production, various years
- value of agricultural output, 1999-2005
- rural, city, and town population, 2000 (census)
- total population, 1982-2005
Most items are reported in standard units such as kilograms,
hectares, and Chinese yuan. All references to tons are metric tons
(1,000 kg.) Users should be aware that many items are reported in
10,000s or 100 millions.
New data are added to this database, usually once a year, as
statistical publications are obtained by ERS. The China Statistical
Abstract, containing preliminary, partial data for the previous
calendar year, is usually published annually in April or May. The
China Statistical Yearbook and other publications are usually
published annually in October or November. New or revised data are
added to the database with a lag, subject to ERS resource
availability and priorities. The latest data are available with a
1- to 2-year lag.