High-income countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom have higher food spending in absolute terms, but the share of household consumption expenditures devoted to at-home food is low—less than 10 percent. In Kenya and other low income countries, at-home food’s share of consumption expenditures can approach 50 percent. Per capita calorie availability follows the reverse pattern. In 2011, U.S. per capita calorie availability was among the highest at 3,639 calories per day, while Kenya’s was only 2,170 calories.
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