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Data Products

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Data cover genetically engineered (GE) varieties of corn, cotton, and soybeans for 2000-14, for the U.S. and States. Data include the extent of adoption of herbicide-tolerant (HT), insect-resistant (Bt), and both traits ("stacked") genetically engineered (GE) crops.
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A collection of over 75 charts and maps presenting key statistics on the farm sector, food spending and prices, food security, rural communities, the interaction of agriculture and natural resources, and more.
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The agricultural baseline database provides longrun, 10-year projections from USDA's annual long-term projections report. The database covers projections for major field crops (corn, sorghum, barley, oats, wheat, rice, soybeans, and upland cotton), and livestock (beef, pork, poultry and eggs, an...
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Contains annual and monthly data for exchange rates important to U.S. agriculture. It includes both nominal and real exchange rates for 80 countries (plus the European Union) as well as real trade-weighted exchange rate indexes for many commodities and aggregations.
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This database is no longer being updated. The statistical indicator tables formerly provided in most of those tables are maintained online elsewhere on the ERS website or by the primary data providers.
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Estimates of productivity growth in the U.S. farm sector for the 1948-2011 period, and estimates of the growth/relative levels of productivity across States for the period 1960-2004. Note: Updates of the State-level statistics are suspended. (Quality of national statistics is preserved.)
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Data for public and private funding of food and agricultural research and development cover the years 1970-2009 (public) and 1970-2007 (private). Data are available as nominal figures and adjusted for inflation.
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Agricultural trade multipliers provide estimates of employment and/or output effects of trade in farm and food products on the U.S. economy. These effects, when expressed as multipliers, reflect the amount of economic activity and/or jobs generated by agricultural exports. This data product offers t...
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Statistics on domestically grown catfish and trout and U.S. imports and exports of fish and shellfish that may be products of aquaculture, such as salmon, shrimp, and oysters.
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USDA's Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) is the primary source of information on the financial condition, production practices, resource use, and economic well-being of farm households. This release of the enhanced survey documentation is the “ARMS users’ manual” that contains compr...
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View the diversity of challenges and opportunities across America's counties. Get statistics on people, jobs, agriculture, and county types. Data have been updated to reflect the latest population, poverty, and American Community Survey statistics.
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This collection highlights the best from the 2013 Charts of Note offering.
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A collection of charts from the ERS website.
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Charts of Note from ERS is distributed Monday-Friday by the Economic Research Service to highlight charts of interest from our current and past research.
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The China agricultural and economic database is a collection of agricultural-related data from official statistical publications of the People's Republic of China. Analysts and policy professionals around the world need information about the rapidly changing Chinese economy, but statistics are o...
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This database is no longer being updated. The Commodity and Food Elasticities Database is a collection of elasticities from research on consumer demand published in working papers, dissertations, and peer-reviewed journals and as presented at professional conferences in the United States. Most of th...
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ERS examines consumer food preferences by age, income, region, race, whether people eat at home or away, and other characteristics.
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USDA has estimated annual production costs and returns and published accounts for major field crop and livestock enterprises since 1975. Cost and return estimates are reported for the United States and major production regions for corn, soybeans, wheat, cotton, grain sorghum, rice, peanuts, oats, ba...
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County boundaries do not always accurately define local economies. Commuting zones and Labor Market Areas combine counties into units intended to more closely reflect the geographic interrelationships between employers and labor supply.
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The Cotton and Wool Chart Gallery includes updated charts that supplement the Cotton and Wool Outlook report.
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This data product contains data on U.S. cotton and wool supply, demand, and prices, as well as U.S. cotton and textile trade data, maintained by the Economic Research Service to support related commodity market analysis and research.
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Classifies U.S. counties by an exclusive economic type (farming, mining, manufacturing, services, government, unspecialized) and nonexclusive policy type (housing stress, low education, low employment, persistent poverty/child poverty, population loss, nonmetro recreation, retirement destination).
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County-level poverty rates, unemployment rates and median household income, education levels, and unemployment rates. 2008-12 education data were added July 15, 2014. 2013 unemployment and 2012 median household income data were added June 4, 2014. The 2012 poverty data were added March 12, 2014. Not...
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County-level data from oil and/or natural gas producing States—for onshore production in the lower 48 States only—are compiled annually for 2000 through 2011.
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The ERS creative class codes indicate a county's share of population employed in occupations that require "thinking creatively." This update to the creative class codes is based on a special tabulation from the American Community Survey and represent averages over 2007-11.
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These data are from several USDA agencies (see scope in Documentation). They were previously were included in the Meat Statistics page in the Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry (LDP) Outlook tables and may contain revisions not included in previous releases of the LDP tables.
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The Eating & Health (EH) Module of the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) collects data to analyze relationships among time use patterns and eating patterns, nutrition, and obesity; food and nutrition assistance programs; and grocery shopping and meal preparation.
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This data product presents the latest household income forecast and estimates for U.S. family farms.
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Estimates of farm sector income with component accounts: for the United States, 1910-2014F; and for States, 1949-2012.
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This Atlas provides access to an array of public data on Federal farm programs that will allow users to visually explore a core component of U.S. agricultural policy. These programs assist farmers in sustaining and promoting the viability of their farm businesses or in protecting and enhancing the e...
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ERS' Federal Funds series is discontinued. The underlying data are no longer available. ERS screened data from the Census Bureau's Consolidated Federal Funds Reports for each Federal program for accuracy at the county level and then presents the data by function and type of program for each...
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Market analysis of domestic and international feed grain markets.
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The Feed Grains Database contains statistics on four feed grains (corn, grain sorghum, barley, and oats), foreign coarse grains (feed grains plus rye, millet, and mixed grains), hay, and related items.
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Note: Updates to this data product are suspended. The underlying information is available from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Foreign Trade Division. This product provides U.S. annual data on imports and exports of selected fertilizer types. The data cover imports from 1995 to 2012 and exports fro...
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This product brings together 1960-2012 data on fertilizer consumption in the United States by plant nutrient and major selected product, as well as consumption of mixed fertilizers, secondary nutrients, and micronutrients. Share of crop area receiving fertilizer and fertilizer use per receiving acre...
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The Food Access Research Atlas is a mapping tool that allows users to investigate multiple indicators of food store access. This tool expands upon what was previously known as the Food Desert Locator by updating previous estimates of food desert census tracts, incorporating alternative estimates of ...
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ERS supports a broad spectrum of food and nutrition assistance research and has compiled an electronic database of nearly 1,000 peer-reviewed reports and articles based on ERS-supported research. The database is searchable by title, lead author, topic, year of publication, and data set analyzed.
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The ERS Food Availability (per capita) Data System includes three distinct but related data series on food and nutrient availability for consumption. The data serve as popular proxies for actual consumption.
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Food consumption in terms of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans’ food groups is reported for all sources and the total U.S. population, as well as by food source, children age 2-19, and adults age 20 and older.
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The food dollar series measures annual expenditures by U.S. consumers on domestically produced food. The series is composed of three primary series: the marketing bill series, the industry group series, and the primary group series, showing three different ways to split up the same food dollar.
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The Food Environment Atlas is a web-based mapping tool developed by ERS that allows users to compare U.S. counties in terms of their “food environment”--indicators (most at the county level) that help determine and reflect a community’s access to affordable, healthy food.
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The ERS Food Expenditure Series annually measures total U.S. food expenditures, including purchases by consumers, governments, businesses, and nonprofit organizations.
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The Consumer Price Index (CPI) for food is probably the most widely used indicator of changes in retail food prices. ERS regularly updates food price forecasts for the short-term period.
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This product provides information about publicly available data from national surveys that include the U.S. Food Security Survey Module. Technical information is provided to facilitate appropriate use of the data, and links are provided to access data on line or to order the data files on CD-ROM.
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USDA's National Household Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS) will provide unique and detailed data about household food choices that are not available from any other survey. FoodAPS is a nationally representative survey of household food purchases and acquisitions.
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The Foreign Agricultural Trade of the United States (FATUS) data page provides U.S. agricultural exports and imports, volume and value, by country and by commodity. Updated monthly or annually.
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Frontier and Remote Area (FAR) codes provide a statistically-based, nationally-consistent, and adjustable definition of territory in the U.S. characterized by low population density and high geographic remoteness.
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This data product provides users with comprehensive statistics on fresh and processed fruit and tree nuts in the United States, as well as global production and trade data for these sectors. It harmonizes and integrates data from the ERS market outlook program with data collected by different Federa...
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How much do fruits and vegetables cost? ERS estimated average prices for 153 commonly consumed fresh and processed fruits and vegetables.
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This data product provides agricultural output, input and total factor productivity (TFP) growth rates, but not levels, across the countries and regions of the world in a consistent, comparable way, for 1961-2010.
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International baseline projections indicate supply, demand, and trade for major agricultural commodities for selected countries. These projections provide foreign country detail supporting the annual USDA agricultural baseline, which are longrun, 10-year projections.
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This database is no longer being updated. Total and marginal budget shares and income and price elasticities are estimated, using 2005 ICP data, for nine broad consumption groups and eight food subgroups across 144 countries.
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This dataset is the basis for the International Food Security Assessment, 2014-2022 released in June 2014. It provides annual country-level data on production, consumption, and trade of grains and root and tuber crops, food aid, and macroeconomic variables for 76 countries.
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The International Macroeconomic Data Set provides data from 1969 through 2020 for real (adjusted for inflation) gross domestic product (GDP), population, real exchange rates, and other variables for the 190 countries and 34 regions that are most important for U.S. agricultural trade.
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The Livestock & Meat Domestic Data contains current and historical data on pork, beef, veal, and poultry, including production, supply, utilization, and farm prices.
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The Livestock and Meat International Trade Data Set contains monthly and annual data for imports and exports of live cattle, hogs, sheep, and goats, as well as beef and veal, pork, lamb and mutton, chicken meat, turkey meat, and eggs.
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The Major Land Uses (MLU) series is the longest running, most comprehensive accounting of all major uses of public and private land in the United States. The MLU series contains acreage estimates of major uses by region and States, beginning in 1945 and published about every 5 years since.
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This data set provides monthly average price values, and the differences among those values, at the farm, wholesale, and retail stages of the production and marketing chain for selected cuts of beef, pork, and broilers.
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Monthly national milk cost of production estimates for 2005-present, and annual milk cost of production estimates by State and by size of operation for 2005 to 2012.
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The natural amenities scale county-based measure of the physical characteristics of an area that enhance the location as a place to live. The scale was constructed by combining six measures of climate, topography, and water area that reflect environmental qualities most people prefer.
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ERS annually calculates "normalized prices," which smooth out the effects of shortrun seasonal or cyclical variation, for key agricultural inputs and outputs. They are used to evaluate the benefits of projects affecting agriculture.
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These charts illustrate current market trends for oilseeds and oilseed products.
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Oilseed, oilmeal, and fats and oils supply and use statistics. Includes oilseed acreage, yield, and production estimates and farm and wholesale price series.
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Updates to this product are suspended. Get select results from the 2004 and 2007 Nationwide Surveys of Organic Manufacturers, Processors, and Distributors. Data are available on 9 commodity groups, such as fruit and nuts, and 45 commodities, such as berries and citrus.
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Wholesale prices for select organic and conventional fruits and vegetables, first receiver prices for organic poultry and eggs, and f.o.b. and spot market prices for organic grain and feedstuffs. Estimated U.S. sales volume of organic and total fluid milk, based on Federal milk marketing order stati...
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ERS collects data from USDA-accredited State and private certification groups to calculate the extent of certified organic farmland acreage and livestock in the United States.
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This data product identifies which countries, under APHIS phytosanitary rules, are eligible to export to the United States the fresh fruits and vegetables that are most important in the American diet.
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The PIZA codes index small geographic areas (the contiguous 48 States divided up into five-kilometer grid cells) according to the size and proximity of population concentrations.
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ERS compares the prices paid by consumers for food with the prices received by farmers for their corresponding commodities. This product provides data for at-home foods by commodity group.
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The Quarterly Food-at-Home Price Database (QFAHPD) provides food price data to support research on the economic determinants of food consumption, diet quality, and health outcomes. The QFAHPD database was constructed from household food-at-home purchases reported in the Nielsen Homescan panel data.
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The Quarterly Food-Away-From-Home Prices (QFAFHP) data set provides quarterly price data for food away from home and alcohol, both at home and away from home, to support research on the economic determinants of diet quality and health outcomes.
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These charts provide a snapshot of the domestic and global market for rice, the primary staple for more than half the world's population.
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U.S. rice production, supply, disappearance, trade, and price data. Includes state acreage, yield, and production data; U.S. and world price series; and program statistics. Contains world supply and use estimates as well.
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Dozens of definitions are currently used by Federal and State agencies, researchers, and policymakers. The ERS Rural Definitions data product allows users to make comparisons among nine representative rural definitions.
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The rural-urban commuting area codes (RUCA) classify U.S. census tracts using measures of urbanization, population density, and daily commuting. The latest RUCA codes are based on data from the 2010 decennial census and the 2006-10 American Community Survey.
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The 2013 Rural-Urban Continuum Codes form a classification scheme that distinguishes metropolitan counties by the population size of their metro area, and nonmetropolitan counties by degree of urbanization and adjacency to metro areas. The official Office of Management and Budget (OMB) metro and non...
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This data product provides three Excel file spreadsheet models that use futures prices to forecast the U.S. season-average price received and the implied CCP for three major field crops (corn, soybeans, and wheat).
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SNAP Policy Database provides a central data source for information on State-level program policies in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), such as eligibility criteria, recertification and reporting requirements, benefit issuance methods, and availability of online applications.
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While a State’s actual agricultural export value cannot be measured directly, USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS) has developed a methodology that provides indirect estimates of exports using State export shares. Estimates of annual U.S. agricultural export values by State and commodity are provi...
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The ERS State Fact Sheets provide information on population, income, poverty, food security, education, employment, organic agriculture, farm characteristics, farm financial indicators, top commodities, and exports. Updated items include 2012 Census of Agriculture data and unemployment for 2013.
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ERS analysts track U.S. and international sugar and sweetener production, consumption, and trade.
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The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Data System provides time-series data on State and county-level estimates of SNAP participation and benefit levels, combined with area estimates of total population and the number of persons in poverty.
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The U.S. Bioenergy Statistics are a source of information on biofuels intended to present a picture of the renewable energy industry and its relationship to agriculture. Where appropriate, data are presented in both a calendar year and the relevant marketing year timeframe to increase utility to fe...
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This data set provides import values of edible products (food and beverages) entering U.S. ports and their origin of shipment. Data are from the U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. Food and beverage import values are compiled by calendar year into food groups corresponding to major comm...
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The 2013 Urban Influence Codes form a classification scheme that distinguishes metropolitan counties by population size of their metro area, and nonmetropolitan counties by size of the largest city or town and proximity to metro and micropolitan areas. The standard Office of Management and Budget (O...
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This data product provides users with comprehensive statistics on fresh and processed vegetables and pulses in the United States, as well as global production and trade data for these sectors. It harmonizes and integrates data from the ERS market outlook program with data collected by different Fede...
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This data product summarizes the farm-structural characteristics for irrigated farms in the 17 Western States based on USDA's 2008 and 1998 Farm and Ranch Irrigation Surveys.
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Charts comparing current prices with previous years and current supply and use variables with the previous marketing year.
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This data product contains statistics on wheat - including the five classes of wheat: hard red winter, hard red spring, soft red winter, white, and durum - and rye.

Last updated: Tuesday, August 26, 2014

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